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分类: Oracle

2012-02-16 10:02:09

Oracle 单实例 从32位 迁移到 64位 方法(二)-- 使用 RMAN Restore 示例
分类: Oracle 高级知识 119人阅读 评论(0) 举报

 

之前整理的相关文章:

OracleConvert a 32-bit Database to 64-bit Database(32位 转到 64位)说明

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/7252742

 

Oracle 单实例 从32位 迁移到 64位 方法(一)--直接 copydatafiles

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/7258654

 

在这篇主要测试一下使用RMAN来将单实例从32位迁移到64位上。

MOS 上的文档:

RMAN Restoring A32 bit Database to 64 bit - An Example [ID ]

 

一.测试环境:

Source:

       DB:11.2.0.3 32 位

      OS:  Oracle Linux 6.1 32 位

      IP:192.168.3.200

      ORACLE_HOME:

       [oracle@tianlesoftware~]$ echo$ORACLE_HOME

       /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

 

Target :

      DB:11.2.0.3 64位

       OS:Oracle Linux 6.1 64位

      IP:192.168.3.201

       ORACLE_HOME:

       rac1:/home/oracle>echo $ORACLE_HOME

       /u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1

 

注意:

(1)    这里2个ORACLE_HOME 不一样,我们存放DATAFILE的文件目录也不一样,RMAN 可以恢复到相同的目录结构,也可以恢复到不同的目录结构,这个在之前的RMAN 测试中已经演示过。 我们这里演示恢复到不同的目录结构。

RMAN备份异机恢复 并创建新DBID

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6240983

 

(2)这里的OS 版本一样,我这里都是Oracle Linux,如果操作系统不一样,那么其对应ENDIA 格式可能也不一样,那样就牵涉到跨版本的迁移问题。所以只要我们的操作系统平台一致,我们从32迁移到64,只需要重新编译一下PL/SQL 模块就ok了。

 

二.具体操作 2.1 Source 操作

1. 在Source 端用RMAN 做full备份

RMAN 备份脚本,参考:

Nocatalog 下的RMAN 增量备份 shell脚本

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6164931

 

备份之后的文件:

[oracle@tianlesoftware backup]$ ls

anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215    arch_05n3ceq6_1_1_20120215

anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215    arch_06n3ceq6_1_1_20120215

anqing_spfile_08n3ceqe_1_1_20120215  ctl_file_07n3ceqb_1_1_20120215

 

2. 将口令文件和初始化文件拷贝到Target 库

 

3. 将备份文件传送到Target库

[oracle@tianlesoftware backup]$ scp *192.168.3.201:/u01/backup

oracle@192.168.3.201's password:

anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215                             100%  601MB  5.2MB/s   01:55   

anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215                             100%  453MB  5.0MB/s   01:30   

anqing_spfile_08n3ceqe_1_1_20120215                           100%   96KB 96.0KB/s   00:00   

arch_05n3ceq6_1_1_20120215                                    100%   33MB  4.1MB/s   00:08   

arch_06n3ceq6_1_1_20120215                                    100%2560     2.5KB/s   00:00   

ctl_file_07n3ceqb_1_1_20120215                                100% 9568KB   3.1MB/s  00:03  

 

这里要注意,对于Nocatalog 模式下的RMAN 备份,其备份信息是保存在控制文件里的,所以我们在备份文件copy 到Target 时的目录也必须和Source 一致,否则在Target 系统上识别不了这些备份文件。

 

这一点我们可以用list 命令来验证,即使我们在Target上执行,list 显示的目录也是Source 上的目录结构。

 

RMAN> list backup of database;

List of Backup Sets

===================


BS Key Type LV Size       Device TypeElapsed Time Completion Time

------- ---- -- ---------- ----------------------- ---------------

1      Incr 0  453.23M    DISK       00:01:15     15-FEB-12     

       BP Key: 1   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: ANQING_LEV0

       Piece Name: /u01/backup/anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215

 List of Datafiles in backup set 1

 File LV Type Ckp SCN    CkpTime  Name

 ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----

 2    0  Incr 832532     15-FEB-12/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf

 3    0  Incr 832532     15-FEB-12/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf

 

BS Key Type LV Size       Device TypeElapsed Time Completion Time

------- ---- -- ---------- ----------------------- ---------------

3      Incr 0  600.79M    DISK       00:01:25     15-FEB-12     

       BP Key: 3   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: ANQING_LEV0

       Piece Name: /u01/backup/anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215

 List of Datafiles in backup set 3

 File LV Type Ckp SCN    CkpTime  Name

 ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----

 1    0  Incr 832530     15-FEB-12/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf

 4    0  Incr 832530     15-FEB-12/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf

 

2.2 Target 操作

 

1.     创建相关的目录结构

 

rac1:/u02> cd app/oracle/

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> ls

checkpoints diag  product

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> mkdir admin

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> mkdirfast_recovery_area

 

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs>cd/u02/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area>mkdiranqing

 

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> mkdir oradata

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> ls

admin checkpoints  diag fast_recovery_area  oradata product

 

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> cd oradata

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/oradata> mkdiranqing

 

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/oradata> cd ../

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> ls

admin checkpoints  diag fast_recovery_area  oradata product

rac1:/u02/app/oracle> cd admin

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin> ls

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin> mkdir anqing

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin> cd anqing

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing>mkdiradump

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing>mkdirdpdump

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing>mkdirpfile

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing>mkdirscripts

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing> ls

adump dpdump  pfile  scripts

 

2.     修改pfile 中的相关参数值

 

修改之后的值:

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs>cat initanqing.ora

anqing.__db_cache_size=570425344

anqing.__java_pool_size=16777216

anqing.__large_pool_size=16777216

anqing.__oracle_base='/u02/app/oracle'#ORACLE_BASEset from environment

anqing.__pga_aggregate_target=570425344

anqing.__sga_target=838860800

anqing.__shared_io_pool_size=0

anqing.__shared_pool_size=218103808

anqing.__streams_pool_size=0

*.audit_file_dest='/u02/app/oracle/admin/anqing/adump'

*.audit_trail='db'

*.compatible='11.2.0.0.0'

*.control_files='/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/control01.ctl','/u02/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/anqing/control02.ctl'

*.db_block_size=8192

*.db_domain=''

*.db_name='anqing'

*.db_recovery_file_dest='/u02/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area'

*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=4194304000

*.diagnostic_dest='/u02/app/oracle'

*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP)(SERVICE=anqingXDB)'

*.log_archive_dest_1='LOCATION=/u02/archivelog'

*.log_archive_format='%t_%s_%r.arc'

*.memory_target=1393557504

*.open_cursors=300

*.processes=150

*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'

*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'

 

3.     恢复控制文件

--先用pfile 将db 启动到nomout 状态:

rac1:/u02/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs>sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production onWed Feb 15 11:08:03 2012

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Connected to an idle instance.

 

SQL> startup nomount pfile=?/dbs/initanqing.ora

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area 1402982400 bytes

Fixed Size                  2228304 bytes

Variable Size             822087600 bytes

Database Buffers          570425344 bytes

Redo Buffers                8241152 bytes

 

--restore 控制文件

rac1:/home/oracle> rman target /

 

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.3.0 -Production on Wed Feb 15 11:10:02 2012

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or itsaffiliates.  All rights reserved.

 

connected to target database: ANQING (notmounted)

 

RMAN> restore controlfile from '/u02/backup/ctl_file_07n3ceqb_1_1_20120215';

 

Starting restore at 15-FEB-12

using channel ORA_DISK_1

 

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring control file

channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete,elapsed time: 00:00:03

output filename=/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/control01.ctl

output filename=/u02/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/anqing/control02.ctl

Finished restore at 15-FEB-12

--注意这里restore的控制文件的路径,是我们修改的pfile中指定的。

RMAN>

 

 

4.     Restore 数据库

因为Target 和 Source 的目录就够不一样,所以在Restore db 的时候需要rename datafile 路径。

 

4.1 查看源库上datafile信息

 

SQL> select file_id,file_name fromdba_data_files;

 

  FILE_ID FILE_NAME

---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

        4 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf

        3 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf

        2 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf

        1 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf

 

SQL> select file_id,file_name fromdba_temp_files;

 

  FILE_ID FILE_NAME

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        1 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/temp01.dbf

 

注意:restore 的时候不会对temp 表空间进行restore。所以等restore 之后,我们需要手工创建temp表空间。

 

4.2 在target 上restore DB

 

--db 启动到mount状态:

rac1:/home/oracle> rman target /  

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.3.0 -Production on Wed Feb 15 13:12:16 2012

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or itsaffiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ANQING (notmounted)

 

RMAN> set dbid=706107904

--DBID 从Source 上取:

SQL>Select dbid from v$database

 

executing command: SET DBID

 

RMAN> alter database mount;

 

using target database control file insteadof recovery catalog

database mounted

 

 

--restore 遇到小插曲了:

RMAN> run

2> {

3> set newname for datafile  1 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf";

4> set newname for datafile  2 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf";

5> set newname for datafile  3 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf";

6> set newname for datafile  4 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf";

7> restore database;

8> switch datafile all;

9> }

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

Starting restore at 15-FEB-12

using channel ORA_DISK_1

 

RMAN-00571:===========================================================

RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGESTACK FOLLOWS ===============

RMAN-00571:===========================================================

RMAN-03002: failure of restore command at02/15/2012 13:21:41

RMAN-06026: some targets not found -aborting restore

RMAN-06023: no backup or copy of datafile 4found to restore

RMAN-06023: no backup or copy of datafile 3found to restore

RMAN-06023: no backup or copy of datafile 2found to restore

RMAN-06023: no backup orcopy of datafile 1 found to restore

 

--这里提示没有找得到备份文件,用list backup of database 查看是存在的,这种情况下,使用crosscheck backup; 命令执行一下,就ok了。

RMAN-06023 :no backup or copy of datafile found to restore 说明

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6460459

 

RMAN> crosscheck backup;

 

using channel ORA_DISK_1

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'AVAILABLE'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215 RECID=1 STAMP=775305963

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'EXPIRED'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_03n3cepn_1_1_20120215 RECID=2 STAMP=775306046

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'AVAILABLE'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215 RECID=3 STAMP=775305963

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'EXPIRED'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_04n3ceq0_1_1_20120215 RECID=4 STAMP=775306048

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'AVAILABLE'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/arch_06n3ceq6_1_1_20120215 RECID=5 STAMP=775306055

crosschecked backup piece: found to be'AVAILABLE'

backup piecehandle=/u01/backup/arch_05n3ceq6_1_1_20120215 RECID=6 STAMP=775306054

Crosschecked 6 objects

 

 

RMAN> run

2> {

3> set newname for datafile  1 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf";

4> set newname for datafile  2 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf";

5> set newname for datafile  3 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf";

6> set newname for datafile  4 to "/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf";

7> restore database;

8> switch datafile all;

9> }

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

Starting restore at 15-FEB-12

using channel ORA_DISK_1

 

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafilebackup set restore

channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s)to restore from backup set

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile00002 to /u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile00003 to /u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf

channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backuppiece /u01/backup/anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215

channel ORA_DISK_1: piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_02n3cena_1_1_20120215 tag=ANQING_LEV0

channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete,elapsed time: 00:00:35

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafilebackup set restore

channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s)to restore from backup set

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile00001 to /u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile00004 to /u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf

channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backuppiece /u01/backup/anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215

channel ORA_DISK_1: piecehandle=/u01/backup/anqing_lev0_01n3cena_1_1_20120215 tag=ANQING_LEV0

channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete,elapsed time: 00:00:45

Finished restore at 15-FEB-12

 

datafile 1 switched todatafile copy

input datafile copy RECID=5 STAMP=775315815file name=/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/system01.dbf

datafile 2 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy RECID=6 STAMP=775315815file name=/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/sysaux01.dbf

datafile 3 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy RECID=7 STAMP=775315815file name=/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/undotbs01.dbf

datafile 4 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy RECID=8 STAMP=775315815file name=/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/users01.dbf

 

对switch datafile all命令的说明:

--对于nocatalog 模式下,rman备份的信息是保存在控制文件里的,包括文件的路径信息。 这里的switchdatafile all的作用,就是更新控制文件里的信息。

 

8. Recover DB

 

RMAN> recover database;

 

Starting recover at 15-FEB-12

using channel ORA_DISK_1

 

starting media recovery

 

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting archived logrestore to default destination

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring archived log

archived log thread=1 sequence=5

channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backuppiece /u01/backup/arch_05n3ceq6_1_1_20120215

channel ORA_DISK_1: piecehandle=/u01/backup/arch_05n3ceq6_1_1_20120215 tag=ARC_BAK

channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete,elapsed time: 00:00:03

archived log filename=/u02/archivelog/1_5_775166151.arc thread=1 sequence=5

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting archived logrestore to default destination

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring archived log

archived log thread=1 sequence=6

channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backuppiece /u01/backup/arch_06n3ceq6_1_1_20120215

channel ORA_DISK_1: piece handle=/u01/backup/arch_06n3ceq6_1_1_20120215tag=ARC_BAK

channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete,elapsed time: 00:00:01

archived log filename=/u02/archivelog/1_6_775166151.arc thread=1 sequence=6

unable to find archived log

archived log thread=1 sequence=7

RMAN-00571:===========================================================

RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGESTACK FOLLOWS ===============

RMAN-00571:===========================================================

RMAN-03002: failure of recover command at02/15/2012 13:39:22

RMAN-06054: media recovery requestingunknown archived log for thread 1 with sequence 7 and starting SCN of 832585

 

之后会报一个错误:

       RMAN-06054:media recovery requesting unknown archived log for thread 1 with sequence 7 andstarting SCN of 832585

       这里是提醒恢复到一个未知的scn号。在alter database mount之后,通过set until scn或者set until time命令设置恢复到的scn号或时间。就可以避免这个错误。

 

我们看Source 库的日志序列:

SQL> select sequence# from v$archived_log;

 SEQUENCE#

----------

        5

        6

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode              Archive Mode

Automatic archival             Enabled

Archive destination            /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     5

Next log sequence to archive   7

Current log sequence           7

 

以上信息可以看出,我们在备份时只有5和6 个归档,7还是online redo,所以没有copy过来,如果我们不指定recover的结束时间,最后就会提示我们上面的信息:RMAN-06054.  所以我们指定一些sequence,在recover 一次验证一下:

 

RMAN> run

2> {

3> set until sequence 7;

4> recover database;

5> }

 

executing command: SET until clause

 

Starting recover at 15-FEB-12

using channel ORA_DISK_1

 

starting media recovery

media recovery complete, elapsed time:00:00:00

 

Finished recover at 15-FEB-12

 

9. open resetlogs 并 处理onlineredo 问题

 

SQL> recoverdatabase until cancel using backup controlfile;

ORA-00279: change 832585 generated at02/15/2012 10:47:33 needed for thread 1

ORA-00289: suggestion :/u02/archivelog/1_7_775166151.arc

ORA-00280: change 832585 for thread 1 is insequence #7

 

Specify log: {=suggested |filename | AUTO | CANCEL}

cancel

Media recovery cancelled.

SQL> alterdatabase open resetlogs migrate;

alter database open resetlogs migrate

*

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-00344: unable to re-create online log

'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo01.log'

ORA-27040: file create error, unable tocreate file

Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file ordirectory

Additional information: 1

--这里提示我们报错,因为我们在source库上的online redo 是在/u01 目录下,在Target上变成了/u02. 在open resetlogs 时,会重新创建online redo log。 所以这里会因为相关的目录不存在,而失败。

 

SQL> select open_mode from v$database;

OPEN_MODE

----------------------------------------

MOUNTED

SQL> select group#,type,member fromv$logfile;

 

   GROUP# TYPE           MEMBER

---------- --------------------------------------------------------------------

        3 ONLINE         /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo03.log

        2 ONLINE        /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo02.log

        1 ONLINE        /u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo01.log

 

--从这里可以判断,open resetlogs 时创建的redo 是根据这里的信息来创建的。

 

SQL> select group#,sequence#,bytes,members,status from v$log;

 

   GROUP#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES   MEMBERS STATUS

---------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------------------

        1          0   52428800          1 CLEARING_CURRENT

        3          0   52428800          1 CLEARING

        2          0  52428800          1 CLEARING

 

这里的状态官方文档有说明:

(1)CLEARING - Log isbeing re-created as an empty log after an ALTER DATABASE CLEAR LOGFILE statement.After the log is cleared, the status changes to UNUSED.

(2)CLEARING_CURRENT -Current log is being cleared of a closed thread. The log can stay in thisstatus if there is some failure in the switch such as an I/O error writing thenew log header.

 

这里有2中方法,一种是先创建和Source 相同的目录,把DB 拉起来之后,在去修改online redo 的位置,二是现在修改,但是我们这里只能修改CLEARING状态的online redo。对于clearing_current 状态的,不能操作。

 

--处理方法:drop 原来的group,在添加新的group

SQL> alter database drop logfile group2;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database drop logfile group3;

alter database drop logfile group 3

*

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-01567: dropping log 3 would leave lessthan 2 log files for instance anqing

(thread 1)

ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1:'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo03.log'

--至少要有2组onlinegroup

 

SQL> alter database add logfile group2('/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo02.log') size 50M;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> selectgroup#,sequence#,bytes,members,status from v$log;

 

   GROUP#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES   MEMBERS STATUS

---------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------------------

        1          0   52428800          1 CLEARING_CURRENT

         3         0   52428800          1 CLEARING

        2          0   52428800          1 UNUSED

 

 

SQL> alter database drop logfile group3;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile group3('/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo03.log') size 50M;

Database altered.

SQL>

 

--当前的online还是不能操作:

SQL> alter database drop logfile group1;

alter database drop logfile group 1

*

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-01623: log 1 is current log forinstance anqing (thread 1) - cannot drop

ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1:'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo01.log'

 

所以通过以上的测试,最好的方法还是先把库拉起来,以后在调整。因为在mount 状态下,我们也不能进行switchlogfile的操作。

 

与online redo 相关的故障处理参考:

Oracle 不同故障的恢复方案

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6106178

 

Currentonline Redo 和 Undo 损坏的处理方法

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6261475

 

这里我们还是创建目录,把库拉起来,在处理后续问题:

rac1:/> mkdir -p/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/

 

--拉DB

SQL> alter database open resetlogs migrate;

alter database open resetlogs migrate

*

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-00392: log 1 ofthread 1 is being cleared, operation not allowed

ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1:'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/redo01.log'

--之前我们保留的那个online 状态不对,无法使用,现在也不能进行归档的切换,只能先clear 一下,以后在处理了。

 

SQL> alter database clear logfile group1;

Database altered.

 

SQL> select group#,sequence#,bytes,members,status from v$log;

   GROUP#  SEQUENCE#      BYTES   MEMBERS STATUS

---------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------------------

        1          0   52428800          1 CURRENT

        3          0   52428800          1 UNUSED

        2          0  52428800          1 UNUSED

 

SQL> alter databaseopen resetlogs migrate;

Database altered.

SQL>

--至此,DB 已经拉起来了。

 

10. 迁移到64位: 编译PL/SQL模块

 

--执行utlirp.sql脚本:

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlirp.sql

….

--大概5分钟

DOC>###############################################################

DOC>  utlirp.sql completed successfully. All PL/SQL objects in the

DOC>  database have been invalidated.

DOC>

DOC>  Shut down and restart the database in normal mode and run utlrp.sql to

DOC>  recompile invalid objects.

DOC>###############################################################

 

所有的PL/SQL 对象都变成无效,需要shutdown db,然后以normal 启动,并执行utlrp.sql 脚本。

 

SQL> shutdown immediate

Database closed.

Database dismounted.

ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup

ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1402982400 bytes

Fixed Size                  2228304 bytes

Variable Size            1023414192 bytes

Database Buffers          369098752 bytes

Redo Buffers                8241152 bytes

Database mounted.

Database opened.

 

 

11. 编译无效对象

 

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

--约一个小时

 

异常中断:

ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump[__intel_new_memcpy()+2164] [SIGSEGV] [ADDR:0x7F9AFBD7026F] [PC:0x47ED7D4][Address not mapped to object] []

Incident details in:/u02/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/anqing/anqing/incident/incdir_10977/anqing_ora_3507_i10977.trc

Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to packagethe incident.

See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support forerror and packaging details.

Wed Feb 15 15:46:31 2012

Dumping diagnostic data indirectory=[cdmp_20120215154631], requested by (instance=1, osid=3507),summary=[incident=10977].

Wed Feb 15 15:46:36 2012

Sweep [inc][10977]: completed

Sweep [inc2][10977]: completed

 

导致这个问题,是因为我们启动了OLAP,在32位转到64位时就会遇到这种错误。     

 

具体的处理方法描述参考:

Oracle 单实例 从32位 迁移到 64位 方法(一)--直接 copydatafiles

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/7258654

 

重建完毕之后,再次编译无效对象,正常,只是这里使用重建需要30+分钟,加上再次编译无效对象的时间,加起来需要1个多小时,太浪费时间,如果系统不需要启动OLAP组件,完全可以不用安装,这样可以减少很多的麻烦。

 

SQL> select count(*) from all_objectswhere status='INVALID';

 

 COUNT(*)

----------

        0

 

SQL> select comp_name,status fromdba_registry;

 

COMP_NAME                           STATUS

---------------------------------------------------------

OLAP Catalog                        VALID

OWB                                 VALID

Oracle Application Express          VALID

Oracle Enterprise Manager           VALID

Spatial                             VALID

Oracle Multimedia                   VALID

Oracle XML Database                 VALID

Oracle Text                         VALID

Oracle Expression Filter            VALID

Oracle Rules Manager                VALID

Oracle Workspace Manager            VALID

 

COMP_NAME                           STATUS

---------------------------------------------------------

Oracle Database Catalog Views       VALID

Oracle Database Packages and Types  VALID

JServer JAVA Virtual Machine        VALID

Oracle XDK                          VALID

Oracle Database Java Packages       VALID

Oracle OLAP API                     VALID

OLAP Analytic Workspace             VALID

 

18 rows selected.

 

 

12. 重建 javashared data objects (SRO)

用SYS 用户执行如下脚本:

 

begin
  update obj$ set status=5 where obj#=(select obj# from obj$,javasnm$ 
    where owner#=0 and type#=29 and short(+)=name and 
   nvl(longdbcs,name)='oracle/aurora/rdbms/Compiler');
  commit;
  declare
    cursor C1 is select
       'DROP JAVA DATA "' || u.name||'"."'|| o.name || '"'
       from obj$ o,user$ u where o.type#=56 and u.user#=o.owner#;
      ddl_statement varchar2(200);
    iterations number;
    previous_iterations number;
    loop_count number;
    my_err     number;
  begin
    previous_iterations := 10000000;
    loop
      -- To make sure we eventually stop,pick amaxnumber of iterations
      select count(*) into iterations from obj$ where type#=56;
      exit when iterations=0 or iterations>=previous_iterations;
      previous_iterations := iterations;
      loop_count := 0;
      open C1;
      loop
        begin
          fetch C1 into ddl_statement;
          exit when C1%NOTFOUND orloop_count > iterations;
        exception when others then
           my_err := sqlcode;
           if my_err =-1555then --snapshot too old, re-execute fetch query
             exit;
           else
             raise;
           end if;
        end;
        initjvmaux.exec(ddl_statement);
        loop_count := loop_count + 1;
      end loop;
      close C1;
    end loop;
  end;
  commit;
  initjvmaux.drp('delete from java$policy$shared$table');
  update obj$ set status=1 where obj#=(select obj# from obj$,javasnm$ 
    where owner#=0 and type#=29 and short(+)=name and 
   nvl(longdbcs,name)='oracle/aurora/rdbms/Compiler');
  commit;
end;
/
--2分钟左右


create or replace java system
/

--十分钟左右


13. 重建TEMP 表空间

 

SQL> ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADDTEMPFILE'/u02/app/oracle/oradata/anqing/temp01.dbf' SIZE 30408704  REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 655360  MAXSIZE 32767M;

Tablespace altered.


 

至此,用RMAN 将DB 从32位迁移到64位的工作结束。对于RAC 环境,当cluster_database 设置为FALSE 后,这种方法也使用。

 

小结:

    使用直接copydatafiles 和 RMAN Restore 来进行迁移,都有一个问题,就是在启动OLAP 组件的情况下需要重建该组件,这是一个非常耗时的事情。如果用不到该组件,可以不安装,这样可以省很多时间。

   

    在下篇Blog 将介绍最后一种简单的方法:使用导出导入。

 

 

 

 

 

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