Chinaunix首页 | 论坛 | 博客
  • 博客访问: 227590
  • 博文数量: 20
  • 博客积分: 307
  • 博客等级: 入伍新兵
  • 技术积分: 831
  • 用 户 组: 普通用户
  • 注册时间: 2012-07-03 23:52
文章分类

全部博文(20)

文章存档

2013年(18)

2012年(2)

分类: Oracle

2013-04-22 20:23:01


Linux 64bit-Oracle1024-DataGuard -Configuration

Linux 64bit-Oracle1024-DataGuard -Configuration:
Node Environment System and Database Software Version 

primary

Linux denis.node1.com 2.6.39-400.17.1.el6uek.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Feb 22 18:16:18 PST 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

----------------------------------------------------------------

Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bi

PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production

CORE        10.2.0.4.0         Production

TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production

NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production

-----------------------------------------------------------------

sid    : ora10g

db_name         : ora10g

db_unique_name: orapri

ipaddr      : 192.168.1.1

 

standby

Linux denis.node2.com 2.6.39-400.17.1.el6uek.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Feb 22 18:16:18 PST 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

NO create database , The version of the database is the same as primary

-----------------------------------------------------------------

sid    : standby

db_name         : orcl10g

db_unique_name: orasta

ipaddr      : 192.168.1.3

 

1Preparing Work

primary

 

SQL> startup mount

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                No Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Disabled

Archive destination               USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

Oldest online log sequence     83

Current log sequence            85

SQL> alter database archivelog;

Database altered.

SQL> select log_mode from v$database;

 

LOG_MODE

------------

ARCHIVELOG

 

SQL> select force_logging from v$database;

 

FOR

---

NO

 

SQL> alter database force logging;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL>  select force_logging from v$database;

 

FOR

---

YES

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

 

evn configure

[oracle@denis ~]$ orapwd file=orapwstandby password=oracle

 

primary

[root@denis Desktop]# cat  /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.1.1  denis.node1.com

192.168.1.3  denis.node2.com

 

standby

[root@denis Desktop]# cat  /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

192.168.1.1  denis.node1.com

192.168.1.3  denis.node2.com

 

2Listener Configure

primary

SID_LIST_LISTENER =

  (SID_LIST =

    (SID_DESC =

      (SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (PROGRAM = extproc)

    )

    (SID_DESC =

      (GLOBAL_NAME = )

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (SID_NAME = ora10g)

    )

    (SID_DESC =

      (GLOBAL_NAME = )

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (SID_NAME = standby)

    )

  )

LISTENER =

  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =

    (DESCRIPTION =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.1)(PORT = 1521))

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC0))

    )

  )

ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /u01/app/oracle

standby

SID_LIST_LISTENER =

  (SID_LIST =

    (SID_DESC =

      (SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (PROGRAM = extproc)

    )

    (SID_DESC =

      (GLOBAL_NAME = )

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (SID_NAME = ora10g)

    )

    (SID_DESC =

      (GLOBAL_NAME = )

      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0)

      (SID_NAME = standby)

    )

  )

LISTENER =

  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =

    (DESCRIPTION =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.3)(PORT = 1521))

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC0))

    )

  )

ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /u01/app/oracle

 

3Tnsname Configure

primary

[oracle@denis admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora

primary =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS_LIST =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.1)(PORT = 1521))

    )

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVICE_NAME = ora10g)

    )

  )

 

standby =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS_LIST =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.3)(PORT = 1521))

    )

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVICE_NAME = standby)

    )

  )

 

standby

primary =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS_LIST =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.1)(PORT = 1521))

    )

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVICE_NAME = ora10g)

    )

  )

 

standby =

  (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS_LIST =

      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.3)(PORT = 1521))

    )

    (CONNECT_DATA =

      (SERVICE_NAME = standby)

    )

  )

 

Shut down the Iptables service and then to tnsping the node

[oracle@denis ~]$service iptables stop

[oracle@denis ~]$ tnsping standby

 

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-APR-2013 10:49:29

 

Copyright (c) 1997,  2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Used parameter files:

/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/network/admin/sqlnet.ora

 

 

Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias

Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.3)(PORT = 1521))) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVICE_NAME = standby)))

OK (10 msec)

 

[oracle@denis admin]$ tnsping primary

 

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-APR-2013 10:53:24

 

Copyright (c) 1997,  2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Used parameter files:

/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/network/admin/sqlnet.ora

 

 

Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias

Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.1)(PORT = 1521))) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVICE_NAME = ora10g)))

OK (10 msec)

 

 

 

4Configure Parameter File:

primary

[oracle@denis dbs]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs

[oracle@denis dbs]$ cp spfileora10g.ora spfileora10g.ora.bak

SQL>create pfile from spfile

 

Add the Following Parameters

[oracle@denis dbs]$ vim initora10g.ora

*.db_unique_name='orapri'

*.log_archive_config='dg_config=(orapri,orasta)'

*.log_archive_dest_1='location=/u01/archivelog valid_for=(all_logfiles,all_roles) db_unique_name=orapri'

*.log_archive_dest_2='service=standby reopen=120 lgwr async valid_for=(online_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=orasta'

*.log_archive_dest_state_1=enable

*.log_archive_dest_state_2=enable

*.standby_file_management='auto'

*.fal_server='standby'

*.fal_client='ora10g'

*.log_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/'

*.db_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/'

*._log_deletion_policy='ALL'

 

Create directory of exist in the parameter file

[oracle@denis ~]$ mkdir /u01/archivelog -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/archivelog'

To shutdown the primary database and then start with the new pfile

SQL> shut immediate

[oracle@denis dbs]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sat Apr 20 11:18:02 2013

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

 

Connected to an idle instance.

 

SQL> startup pfile='/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs/initora10g.ora';

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size               192939512 bytes

Database Buffers       79691776 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

Database mounted.

Database opened.

SQL> show parameter pfile

 

NAME                                       TYPE       VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

spfile                                         string

SQL> create spfile from pfile;

 

File created.

 

SQL> shut immediate

Database closed.

Database dismounted.

ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size               192939512 bytes

Database Buffers       79691776 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

Database mounted.

Database opened.

SQL> show parameter pfile

 

NAME                                       TYPE       VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

spfile                                         string     /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0

                                                         /dbs/spfileora10g.ora

 

Standby

Copy the parameter file from the primary and then to modified

[oracle@denis dbs]$ scp initora10g.ora 192.168.1.3:/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs/

The authenticity of host '192.168.1.3 (192.168.1.3)' can't be established.

RSA key fingerprint is fe:0e:2e:d5:3f:ab:78:2e:7c:e7:63:06:bb:de:08:a2.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

Warning: Permanently added '192.168.1.3' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

oracle@192.168.1.3's password:

initora10g.ora                                                                                            100% 1715     1.7KB/s   00:00   

[oracle@denis dbs]$ ll

total 32

-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall 12920 May  3  2001 initdw.ora

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall  8385 Sep 11  1998 init.ora

-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall  1715 Apr 20 11:29 initora10g.ora

[oracle@denis dbs]$ echo $ORACLE_SID

standby

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mv initora10g.ora initstandby.ora

[oracle@denis dbs]$ vim initstandby.ora

*.audit_file_dest='/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/adump'

*.background_dump_dest='/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/bdump'

*.compatible='10.2.0.4.0'

*.control_files='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control01.ctl','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control02.ctl','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control03.ctl'

*.core_dump_dest='/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/cdump'

*.db_block_size=8192

*.db_domain=''

*.db_file_multiblock_read_count=8

*.db_name='ora10g'

*.db_recovery_file_dest='/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area'

*.db_recovery_file_dest_size=2147483648

*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=ora10gXDB)'

*.fast_start_mttr_target=30

*.job_queue_processes=10

*.open_cursors=300

*.pga_aggregate_target=93323264

*.processes=150

*.remote_login_passwordfile='EXCLUSIVE'

*.sga_target=279969792

*.undo_management='AUTO'

*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'

*.user_dump_dest='/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/udump'

 

*.db_unique_name='orasta'

*.log_archive_config='dg_config=(orapri,orasta)'

*.log_archive_dest_1='location=/u01/archivelog valid_for=(all_logfiles,all_roles) db_unique_name=orasta'

*.log_archive_dest_2='service=primary reopen=120 lgwr async valid_for=(online_logfiles,primary_role) db_unique_name=orapri'

*.log_archive_dest_state_1=enable

*.log_archive_dest_state_2=enable

*.standby_file_management='auto'

*.fal_server='ora10g'

*.fal_client='standby'

*.log_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/'

*.db_file_name_convert='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/'

*._log_deletion_policy='ALL'

 

Create directory of exist in the parameter file

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/adump -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin'

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby'

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/adump'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/bdump -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/bdump'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir -pv /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/oradata'

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/cdump -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/cdump'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/udump -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/admin/standby/udump'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/archivelog -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/archivelog'

[oracle@denis dbs]$ mkdir /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/ -pv

 

Create the password file for the standby

[oracle@denis ~]$  orapwd file=$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwstandby password=oracle

 

Use the new pfile to startup the database

[oracle@denis standby]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sat Apr 20 12:09:26 2013

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

 

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup nomount pfile='/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs/initstandby.ora';

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size                88081912 bytes

Database Buffers      184549376 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

5Use rman to duplicate a standby database

[oracle@denis admin]$  rman target sys/oracle@primary auxiliary sys/oracle@standby nocatalog

 

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sat Apr 20 12:36:11 2013

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

connected to target database: ORA10G (DBID=4129793783)

using target database control file instead of recovery catalog

connected to auxiliary database: ORA10G (not mounted)

 

 

RMAN>  backup current controlfile for standby database;

 

Starting backup at 20-APR-13

allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=144 devtype=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset

channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset

input datafile fno=00001 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/system01.dbf

input datafile fno=00004 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/users01.dbf

input datafile fno=00002 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/undotbs01.dbf

input datafile fno=00003 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/sysaux01.dbf

input datafile fno=00006 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/mytbs.dbf

input datafile fno=00007 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/mytbs01.dbf

input datafile fno=00010 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/test.dbf

input datafile fno=00008 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/test_asmm.dbf

input datafile fno=00009 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/test_msmm.dbf

input datafile fno=00005 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/undo2.dbf

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 20-APR-13

channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 20-APR-13

piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp tag=TAG20130420T123844 comment=NONE

channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:02:17

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset

channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset

including current control file in backupset

including current SPFILE in backupset

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 20-APR-13

channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 20-APR-13

piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q472zb3_.bkp tag=TAG20130420T123844 comment=NONE

channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backupset

channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backupset

including standby control file in backupset

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 20-APR-13

channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 20-APR-13

piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp tag=TAG20130420T123844 comment=NONE

channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01

Finished backup at 20-APR-13

 

Copy the backup from primary to the standby

standby

[oracle@denis~]$mkdir /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/ -pv

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI'

mkdir: created directory `/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset'

mkdir:created directory `/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/'

 

primary

[oracle@denis admin]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/

[oracle@denis 2013_04_20]$ ll

total 1804068

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall    7110656 Apr 20 12:41 o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall    7143424 Apr 20 12:41 o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q472zb3_.bkp

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall 1833107456 Apr 20 12:40 o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp

[oracle@denis 2013_04_20]$ scp * 192.168.1.3:/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/

oracle@192.168.1.3's password:

o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp                                                              100% 6944KB   6.8MB/s   00:00   

o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q472zb3_.bkp                                                              100% 6976KB   6.8MB/s   00:01   

o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp    

 

standby

[oracle@denis ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/

[oracle@denis 2013_04_20]$ ll

total 1804068

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall    7110656 Apr 20 12:46 o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall    7143424 Apr 20 12:46 o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q472zb3_.bkp

-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall 1833107456 Apr 20 12:48 o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp

[oracle@denis 2013_04_20]$

 

RMAN> duplicate target database for standby;

 

Starting Duplicate Db at 20-APR-13

using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

 

contents of Memory Script:

{

   restore clone standby controlfile;

   sql clone 'alter database mount standby database';

}

executing Memory Script

 

Starting restore at 20-APR-13

 

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backupset restore

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring control file

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: reading from backup piece /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_ncnnf_TAG20130420T123844_8q4730pb_.bkp tag=TAG20130420T123844

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03

output filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control01.ctl

output filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control02.ctl

output filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/control03.ctl

Finished restore at 20-APR-13

 

sql statement: alter database mount standby database

released channel: ORA_DISK_1

released channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1

 

contents of Memory Script:

{

   set newname for tempfile  1 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/temp01.dbf";

   switch clone tempfile all;

   set newname for datafile  1 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/system01.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  2 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undotbs01.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  3 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/sysaux01.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  4 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/users01.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  5 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undo2.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  6 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  7 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs01.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  8 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_asmm.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  9 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_msmm.dbf";

   set newname for datafile  10 to

 "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test.dbf";

   restore

   check readonly

   clone database

   ;

}

executing Memory Script

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

renamed temporary file 1 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/temp01.dbf in control file

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

executing command: SET NEWNAME

 

Starting restore at 20-APR-13

allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: sid=157 devtype=DISK

 

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backupset restore

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set

restoring datafile 00001 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/system01.dbf

restoring datafile 00002 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undotbs01.dbf

restoring datafile 00003 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/sysaux01.dbf

restoring datafile 00004 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/users01.dbf

restoring datafile 00005 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undo2.dbf

restoring datafile 00006 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs.dbf

restoring datafile 00007 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs01.dbf

restoring datafile 00008 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_asmm.dbf

restoring datafile 00009 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_msmm.dbf

restoring datafile 00010 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test.dbf

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: reading from backup piece /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1

piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORAPRI/backupset/2013_04_20/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130420T123844_8q46ynyv_.bkp tag=TAG20130420T123844

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:02:26

Finished restore at 20-APR-13

 

contents of Memory Script:

{

   switch clone datafile all;

}

executing Memory Script

 

datafile 1 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=11 stamp=813243237 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/system01.dbf

datafile 2 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=12 stamp=813243237 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undotbs01.dbf

datafile 3 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=13 stamp=813243237 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/sysaux01.dbf

datafile 4 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=14 stamp=813243237 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/users01.dbf

datafile 5 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=15 stamp=813243237 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/undo2.dbf

datafile 6 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=16 stamp=813243238 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs.dbf

datafile 7 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=17 stamp=813243238 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/mytbs01.dbf

datafile 8 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=18 stamp=813243238 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_asmm.dbf

datafile 9 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=19 stamp=813243238 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test_msmm.dbf

datafile 10 switched to datafile copy

input datafile copy recid=20 stamp=813243238 filename=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/test.dbf

Finished Duplicate Db at 20-APR-13

 

7Check

1) process

standby:

[oracle@denis 2013_04_20]$  ps -ef | grep ora

root      2083  2037  0 09:16 ?        00:00:03 hald-addon-storage: polling /dev/sr0 (every 2 sec)

root      2084  2037  0 09:16 ?        00:00:00 hald-addon-storage: no polling on /dev/fd0 because it is explicitly disabled

root      3111  2669  0 10:21 pts/0    00:00:00 su - oracle

oracle    3112  3111  0 10:21 pts/0    00:00:00 -bash

oracle    7242  3112  0 12:09 pts/0    00:00:00 sqlplus   as sysdba

root      7254  3157  0 12:10 pts/1    00:00:00 su - oracle

oracle    7255  7254  0 12:10 pts/1    00:00:00 -bash

oracle    7478     1  0 12:34 ?        00:00:00 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit

oracle    7495  7255  0 12:36 pts/1    00:00:01 rman target sys/oracle@primary auxiliary sys/oracle@standby nocatalog

root      7577  7567  0 12:45 pts/2    00:00:00 su - oracle

oracle    7578  7577  0 12:45 pts/2    00:00:00 -bash

oracle    7873     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_pmon_standby

oracle    7875     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_psp0_standby

oracle    7877     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_mman_standby

oracle    7879     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_dbw0_standby

oracle    7881     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_lgwr_standby

oracle    7883     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_ckpt_standby

oracle    7885     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_smon_standby

oracle    7887     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_reco_standby

oracle    7889     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_cjq0_standby

oracle    7891     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_mmon_standby

oracle    7893     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_mmnl_standby

oracle    7895     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_d000_standby

oracle    7897     1  0 13:05 ?        00:00:00 ora_s000_standby

oracle    7901     1  0 13:06 ?        00:00:00 ora_arc0_standby

oracle    7903     1  0 13:06 ?        00:00:00 ora_arc1_standby

oracle    7904  7242  0 13:06 ?        00:00:00 oraclestandby (DESCRIPTION=(LOCAL=YES)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=beq)))

oracle    7931  7578  2 13:09 pts/2    00:00:00 ps -ef

oracle    7932  7578  0 13:09 pts/2    00:00:00 grep ora

 

2) archive

primary database :

SQL> select status from v$instance;

 

STATUS

------------

OPEN

 

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     83

Next log sequence to archive   85

Current log sequence            85

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     85

Next log sequence to archive   87

Current log sequence            87

 

 

 

 

standby database :

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     83

Next log sequence to archive   85

Current log sequence            85

 

8Standby:

create database spfile and then startup with spfile

SQL> show parameter pfile

 

NAME                                       TYPE       VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

spfile                                         string

SQL> create spfile from pfile;

 

File created.

 

SQL> shut immediate

SQL> startup mount

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size                88081912 bytes

Database Buffers      184549376 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

Database mounted.

SQL> show parameter pfile

 

NAME                                       TYPE       VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

spfile                                         string     /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0

                                                         /dbs/spfilestandby.ora

 

9Apply redo

standby:

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect from session;

 

Database altered.

 

 

SQL> SELECT RECOVERY_MODE FROM V$ARCHIVE_DEST_STATUS WHERE DEST_ID=2;

 

RECOVERY_MODE

-----------------------

MANAGED REAL TIME APPLY

SQL> select sequence#,applied from v$archived_log order by sequence#;

 

 SEQUENCE# APP

---------- ---

         85 YES

         86 YES

10Check archived

primary:

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     105

Next log sequence to archive   107

Current log sequence            107

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL>  alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL>  archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     107

Next log sequence to archive   109

Current log sequence            109

 

standby:

SQL>  archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     107

Next log sequence to archive   0

Current log sequence            109

 

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database cancel;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database open;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect from session;

 

Database altered.

 

 

SQL> select status from v$instance;

 

STATUS

------------

MOUNTED

 

 

------------------------------------------------------------THE END---------------------------------------------------------

Before to test the switchwe will to create the standby redo log on the each node

Primary

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/priedo01.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/priredo02.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/priredo03.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora10g/priredo04.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

Standby

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database cancel

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/stdbyredo01.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/stdbyredo02.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/stdbyredo03.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>alter database add standby logfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/standby/stdbyredo04.log' size 50m;

Database altered.

SQL>ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

Database altered.

SQL>ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT LOGFILE DISCONNECT;

Database altered.

 

 

When the DataGuard Create completedWe are going to test the switching effect

Switching sequence

primary --> standby

standby --> primary

 

1Check The archive log's status and the role

primary

archive log

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     108

Next log sequence to archive   110

Current log sequence            110

 

role

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PRIMARY

 

standby

archive log

SQL> archive log list

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     108

Next log sequence to archive   0

Current log sequence            110

 

role

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PHYSICAL STANDBY

 

2Check the switchover_status

primary

SQL> select db_unique_name,switchover_status,database_role from v$database;

 

DB_UNIQUE_NAME                        SWITCHOVER_STATUS    DATABASE_ROLE

------------------------------             --------------------          ----------------

orapri                                        SESSIONS ACTIVE           PRIMARY

 

NOTE:

The ' SWITCHOVER_STATUS ' There are two kinds of state.

when SWITCHOVER_STATUS is 'TO STANDBY' status, with the below command to switch:

SQL> alter database commit to switchover to physical standby;

 

If the ' SWITCHOVER_STATUS ' is ' SESSIONS ACTIVE ', with the below command to switch:

SQL> alter database commit to switchover to physical standby with session shutdown;

 

Test database switch:

primary

SQL> select db_unique_name,switchover_status,database_role from v$database;

 

DB_UNIQUE_NAME                        SWITCHOVER_STATUS    DATABASE_ROLE

------------------------------             --------------------          ----------------

orapri                                        SESSIONS ACTIVE           PRIMARY

SQL> alter database commit to switchover to physical standby with session shutdown;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> shutdown immediate

ORA-01507: database not mounted

 

 

ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup mount

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size               192939512 bytes

Database Buffers       79691776 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

Database mounted.

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database disconnect from session;

 

Database altered.

OR

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect from session;

 

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PHYSICAL STANDBY

standby:

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database finish force;

Database altered.

 

SQL> alter database commit to switchover to primary;

 

Database altered.

 

SQL> select status from v$instance;

 

STATUS

------------

STARTED

SQL> shutdown immediate

ORA-01507: database not mounted

 

ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup

ORACLE instance started.

 

Total System Global Area  281018368 bytes

Fixed Size                       2083336 bytes

Variable Size                88081912 bytes

Database Buffers      184549376 bytes

Redo Buffers                6303744 bytes

Database mounted.

Database opened.

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PRIMARY

3To check the results

 

standby ---now primary

 

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PRIMARY

 

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     113

Next log sequence to archive   114

Current log sequence            114

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

 

System altered.

 

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     121

Next log sequence to archive    123

Current log sequence           123

 

primary---now standby

SQL>  select database_role from v$database;

 

DATABASE_ROLE

----------------

PHYSICAL STANDBY

 

SQL> archive log list;

Database log mode                Archive Mode

Automatic archival                 Enabled

Archive destination               /u01/archivelog

Oldest online log sequence     121

Next log sequence to archive   0

Current log sequence            123

 

---------------------------------------------------------THE END------------------------------------------------------------

阅读(3312) | 评论(0) | 转发(1) |
给主人留下些什么吧!~~