Chinaunix首页 | 论坛 | 博客
  • 博客访问: 1106388
  • 博文数量: 932
  • 博客积分: 10
  • 博客等级: 民兵
  • 技术积分: 10208
  • 用 户 组: 普通用户
  • 注册时间: 2011-07-08 12:28
文章分类

全部博文(932)

文章存档

2021年(1)

2020年(134)

2019年(792)

2018年(5)

我的朋友

分类: 架构设计与优化

2019-12-31 10:52:26

Hybris里极其重要的概念。

之前的issue谈到了Hybris MVC里的M指的是DTO,JSP作为V显示DTO的value,而DB层的Model和DTO的结构不一致。

那么,数据从DB读取之后,需要经过一个转换,写入到DTO。执行这个转换的role,就是Convertor+Populator。

注:DTO是软件设计里一个common的概念,不是Hybris特有。定义见[wiki](en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D)

# Hybris官方定义

(1) Facade: A facade is a software design pattern that abstracts from an underlying implementation and offers an alternate, often reduced and less complex interface.

(2) DTO:Data Transfer Objects (DTOs) are objects created to only contain values and have no business logic except for getter and setter methods. Using DTOs, you can "combine" Hybris items - for example, this document adds price- and media-related data to a product object.

先看CRM。

line 17的方法从CDS view里读取persistent data:

这样做类比。

可以看到CRM两个layer之间的转换非常light weight,仅仅是几个赋值操作。

Hybris里把这个赋值操作封装到了两个新的object里:Converter和Populator。

为什么要搞这么麻烦:

(1) Data objects are constructed from Models or other Service Layer objects using Converters and Populators. The Data object is always created from a prototype-scoped spring bean that is defined in the beans.xml file for the extension.

(2) Converters create new instances of Data objects and call Populators to populate these.

即Converter负责创建Data object的实例(就是Java class的实例), Populator负责call这个实例的setter方法把业务数据写入data obeject,这样JSP绑定到这些data object的某个属性的field就能显示出来值。

既然Hybris基于Spring,那么也要follow Spring的一些原则:

(1) No concrete Converters should be written, all converters should be Spring configured only and should use the AbstractConverter base class.

(2) No Populator should be called directly in code, Converters should be Spring injected and used.

(3) All conversion logic should exist in Populators and these should be well-encapsulated and independent.

# Populators

Populators break the conversion process of filling out a Data Object down into a pipeline of population tasks or steps. Each Populator carries out one or more related updates to the Data Object prototype. Each population step can invoke services or copy data from the source business object to the prototype Facade Data object. Facades always use a Converter to create a new instance of a Data Object prototype and then invoke Populators or other Converters to fulfill the task of building up the Data Object.

看具体的例子:

这个文件位置:

"C:\Hybris\6.5.0.0.23546\hybris\bin\ext-accelerator\acceleratorservices\src\de\hybris\platform\acceleratorservices\payment\cybersource\converters\populators\PaymentDataPopulator.java"

为什么要单独抽象这两个object出来?和CRM Genil layer的实现一对比就清楚了。

阅读(1395) | 评论(0) | 转发(0) |
给主人留下些什么吧!~~