Chinaunix首页 | 论坛 | 博客
  • 博客访问: 3711970
  • 博文数量: 356
  • 博客积分: 10458
  • 博客等级: 上将
  • 技术积分: 4734
  • 用 户 组: 普通用户
  • 注册时间: 2008-03-24 14:59
文章分类

全部博文(356)

文章存档

2020年(17)

2019年(9)

2018年(26)

2017年(5)

2016年(11)

2015年(20)

2014年(2)

2013年(17)

2012年(15)

2011年(4)

2010年(7)

2009年(14)

2008年(209)

分类: C/C++

2008-05-15 18:08:35

问题描述:在 VC 6.0中使用socket相关的函数时没有什么问题,可是到了.net下就有以下类似的错误,
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(109): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'fd_set'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(54): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'fd_set'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(112): E2146 Need an identifier to declare
[C++ Warning] winsock2.h(144): W8017 Redefinition of 'FD_SET' is not identical
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(153): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'timeval'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(97): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'timeval'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(209): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'hostent'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(153): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'hostent'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(222): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'netent'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(166): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'netent'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(229): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'servent'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(173): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'servent'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(241): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'protoent'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(185): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'protoent'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(327): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'in_addr'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(269): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'in_addr'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(385): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'sockaddr_in'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(319): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'sockaddr_in'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(395): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'WSAData'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(329): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'WSAData'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(411): E2146 Need an identifier to declare
[C++ Warning] winsock2.h(455): W8017 Redefinition of 'SO_DONTLINGER' is not identical
[C++ Warning] winsock2.h(512): W8017 Redefinition of 'AF_IPX' is not identical
[C++ Warning] winsock2.h(540): W8017 Redefinition of 'AF_MAX' is not identical
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(546): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'sockaddr'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(492): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'sockaddr'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(586): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'sockproto'
[C++ Error] winsock.h(501): E2344 Earlier declaration of 'sockproto'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(625): E2238 Multiple declaration for 'linger'
[C++ Error] winsock2.h(625): E2228 Too many error or warning messages

Solution:

This problem arises because windows.h (at least, that version of it) includes not winsock2.h but winsock.h; sadly when Microsoft wrote winsock2.h they chose neither to change windows.h to include winsock2.h, which replaces winsock.h, nor to include windows.h from winsock2.h and then add the definitions for the new Winsock 2 API methods & structures (this might seem reasonable since Winsock 2 does, strictly speaking, replace Winsock 1, but since the API must be fully backwards-compatible the distinction is somewhat meaningless and there's no real benefit to making winsock2.h standalone).

The fix is thankfully simple: always "#include " before windows.h.

However, you must remember that if windows.h has been included by (for example) a higher-level header file that is subsequently including your header file, it's too late - so you must make sure that the higher-level header files respect this convention also.

It is however rarely necessary to modify the header files of libraries or other code modules you are using just because you include their header files, and their header files include windows.h - you can just include winsock2.h before you include the library's header files.


在包含jrtplib有时候我也遇到这个问题,解决方法与之相同。一句话,在#include之前 #include 问题就可以解决。

问题描述]
   在包含了以及的工程中,编译有时会出现如
下错误:

     error C2011: 'fd_set' : 'struct' type redefinition
     error C2011: 'timeval' : 'struct' type redefinition
                     ....
     error C2375: 'accept' : redefinition; different linkage
[原因分析]
   主要原因是因为中包含了头文件,由于其版
本的不同,导致出
现上述的错误。中相关代码如下:
               #ifndef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
               #include
               #include
               #include
               ........
                #ifndef _MAC
               #include
               #include
               #endif
                .......

               #include
               #endif
               #endif
[解决方案]
    由以上代码可以看出如果在没有定义WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN宏
的大前
提下windows.h有可能包含winsock.h 头文件,因此我们得出一个很简单
的解决方
法就是在包含之前定义WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN宏,如
下所示:
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#include

阅读(14658) | 评论(0) | 转发(0) |
给主人留下些什么吧!~~