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2009-09-03 16:09:15

[First written by Steve Guo, please keep the mark if forwarding.]

Overview

The above picture shows the overall architecture design of Android power management module. Android implements a very simple power management mechanism. Currently it only supports set screen on/off, screen backlight on/off, keyboard backlight on/off, button backlight on/off and adjust screen brightness. It does not support Sleep or Standby mode to fully use CPU’s capability.

The power management module has three channels to receive input: RPC call, Batter state change event and Power Setting change event. It communicated with other modules through either broadcasting intent or directly API call. The module also provide reboot and shutdown service. When battery is lower than thredshold, it will automatically shutdown the device.

The module will automatically set screen dim and off according to whether any user activity happens or not. The full state machine is shown as follows:

Detail

PowerManagerService.java is the core service. It calls Power.java to do the real work.

PowerManager.java is the proxy to RPC call PowerManagerService.java.

Power.java communicates with the low level through JNI.

android_os_Power.cpp is the JNI native implementation for Power.java. It calls Power.c to do the real work.

Power.c controls the power device driver through read/write the following sys files.

    "/sys/android_power/acquire_partial_wake_lock",

    "/sys/android_power/acquire_full_wake_lock",

    "/sys/android_power/release_wake_lock",

    "/sys/android_power/request_state"

    "/sys/android_power/auto_off_timeout",

    "/sys/class/leds/lcd-backlight/brightness",

    "/sys/class/leds/button-backlight/brightness",

    "/sys/class/leds/keyboard-backlight/brightness"

BatteryService.java registers itself as a UEvent observer for the path “/sys/class/power_supply”. If anything is changed in this path, it gets current state through JNI and then broadcasts ACTION_BATTERY_CHANGED intent.

com_android_server_BatteryService.cpp is the JNI native implementation for BatteryService.java. It gets current battery state through reading from the following files:

    "/sys/class/power_supply/ac/online"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/usb/online"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/status"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/health"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/present"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/capacity"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/batt_vol"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/batt_temp"

    "/sys/class/power_supply/battery/technology"

How to use

To call power module in app, the following is the sample code:

PowerManager pm = (PowerManager)mContext.getSystemService(Context.POWER_SERVICE);

PowerManager.WakeLock wl = pm.newWakeLock(

PowerManager.SCREEN_DIM_WAKE_LOCK

| PowerManager.ON_AFTER_RELEASE,

TAG);

wl.acquire();

// ...

wl.release();

暂时来看,android的低功耗策略并不能对我的研究课题有什么帮助。

正如上文所说的,它暂时只支持屏幕的开和关,背光的开关,键盘区背光的开关,按键背光的开关和调整屏幕亮度,暂时并不支持休眠等高级低功耗操作。估计也没什么动态cpu管理,设备管理的操作。

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