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分类: Oracle

2012-10-16 20:57:49

环境:
OS:AIX 4.3
DB:8.1.7

  今天刚接触一个数据库,在服务器上执行lsnrctl发现监听没有启动,但用户却能连接到该数据库,后来发现是该服务器上配置了多个监听器(其中有些是不用了的)导致的,下面是问题定位过程.
1.进入监听,查看状态信息
$ lsnrctl
LSNRCTL for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 8.1.7.0.0 - Production on 16-OCT-2012 17:54:03
(c) Copyright 1998 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Welcome to LSNRCTL, type "help" for information.
LSNRCTL> status
Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=PNPKEY))
TNS-12541: TNS:no listener
 TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error
  TNS-00511: No listener
   IBM/AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 79: Connection refused
Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(PORT=1521))
TNS-12541: TNS:no listener
 TNS-12560: TNS:protocol adapter error
  TNS-00511: No listener
   IBM/AIX RISC System/6000 Error: 79: Connection refused
LSNRCTL>
第一反应是监听没启动,查看OS进程

2.查看OS进程
$ ps -ef|grep lsnr
  oracle 24300     1   0 02:51:34      -  0:27 /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/bin/tnslsnr lsnrm203 -inherit
  oracle 28286 31382   0 17:14:27  pts/0  0:00 grep lsnr

这里有监听进程在运行.

3.客户端能tnsping通该数据库
$ tnsping m203_db
TNS Ping Utility for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 8.1.7.0.0 - Production on 16-OCT-2012 17:55:23
(c) Copyright 1997 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Attempting to contact (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.5.228)(PORT=1521))
OK (10 msec)


这里可以tnsping通.
郁闷中,于是检查listener.ora文件

4.查看listener.ora文件
$ more listener.ora
# LISTENER.ORA Network Configuration File: /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/
network/admin/listener.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.
LSNRP203 =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.5.230)(PORT = 1521))
  )
LSNRM203 =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.5.228)(PORT = 1521))
  )
SID_LIST_LSNRM203 =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = m203_db)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7)
      (SID_NAME = m203)
    )
  )
SID_LIST_LSNRP203 =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (ORACLE_HOME = /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7)
      (SID_NAME = p203)
    )
  )
呵呵,看来是配置了多个监听器的问题了.
查看具体的监听器lsnrm203

5.查看具体的监听器
$ lsnrctl
LSNRCTL for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 8.1.7.0.0 - Production on 16-OCT-2012 17:59:15
(c) Copyright 1998 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.
Welcome to LSNRCTL, type "help" for information.
LSNRCTL> status lsnrm203
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.5.228)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     lsnrm203
Version                   TNSLSNR for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 8.1.7.0.0 - Production
Start Date                16-OCT-2012 02:51:34
Uptime                    0 days 15 hr. 7 min. 56 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  OFF
SNMP                      ON
Listener Parameter File   /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /usr/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/network/log/lsnrm203.log
Services Summary...
  m203          has 1 service handler(s)
The command completed successfully
LSNRCTL>
可以看出监听是正常的.

-- The End --

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