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分类: Oracle

2012-06-12 21:37:11

环境:
OS:Red Hat Linux As 5
DB:10.2.0.4
 
在全部控制文件丢失或损坏,而且没有备份的情况下,可以使用重建控制文件的办法打开数据库.以下模拟所有的控制文件丢失的情况下重建控制文件.
 
1.备份控制文件(数据库mount或是open状态)
SQL> select status from v$instance;
STATUS
------------
OPEN
SQL>alter database backup controlfile to trace as '/u01/ftp/bak_controlfile';
 
2.删除控制文件
[oracle@hxl oracl]$ rm control01.ctl
rm: remove regular file `control01.ctl'? y
[oracle@hxl oracl]$ rm control02.ctl
rm: remove regular file `control02.ctl'? y
[oracle@hxl oracl]$ rm control03.ctl
rm: remove regular file `control03.ctl'? y
 
3.关闭数据库后尝试打开数据库
SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  734003200 bytes
Fixed Size                  1221564 bytes
Variable Size             218106948 bytes
Database Buffers          511705088 bytes
Redo Buffers                2969600 bytes
ORA-00205: error in identifying control file, check alert log for more info
这个时候数据无法打开,以为我们已经删除了控制文件.
 
4.查看备份控制文件的内容
[oracle@hxl ftp]$ more bak_controlfile
-- The following are current System-scope REDO Log Archival related
-- parameters and can be included in the database initialization file.
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST=''
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST=''
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT=%t_%s_%r.dbf
--
-- DB_UNIQUE_NAME="oracl"
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='SEND, RECEIVE, NODG_CONFIG'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES=2
-- STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT=MANUAL
-- STANDBY_ARCHIVE_DEST=?/dbs/arch
-- FAL_CLIENT=''
-- FAL_SERVER=''
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='LOCATION=USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='OPTIONAL REOPEN=300 NODELAY'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='ARCH NOAFFIRM NOEXPEDITE NOVERIFY SYNC'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='REGISTER NOALTERNATE NODEPENDENCY'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='NOMAX_FAILURE NOQUOTA_SIZE NOQUOTA_USED NODB_UNIQUE_NAME'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_10='VALID_FOR=(PRIMARY_ROLE,ONLINE_LOGFILES)'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_10=ENABLE
--
-- Below are two sets of SQL statements, each of which creates a new
-- control file and uses it to open the database. The first set opens
-- the database with the NORESETLOGS option and should be used only if
-- the current versions of all online logs are available. The second
-- set opens the database with the RESETLOGS option and should be used
-- if online logs are unavailable.
-- The appropriate set of statements can be copied from the trace into
-- a script file, edited as necessary, and executed when there is a
-- need to re-create the control file.
--
--     Set #1. NORESETLOGS case
--
-- The following commands will create a new control file and use it
-- to open the database.
-- Data used by Recovery Manager will be lost.
-- Additional logs may be required for media recovery of offline
-- Use this only if the current versions of all online logs are
-- available.
-- After mounting the created controlfile, the following SQL
-- statement will place the database in the appropriate
-- protection mode:
--  ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE
STARTUP NOMOUNT
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORACL" NORESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/system01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/undotbs01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/users01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET WE8ISO8859P1
;
-- Commands to re-create incarnation table
-- Below log names MUST be changed to existing filenames on
-- disk. Any one log file from each branch can be used to
-- re-create incarnation records.
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- Recovery is required if any of the datafiles are restored backups,
-- or if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate.
RECOVER DATABASE
-- All logs need archiving and a log switch is needed.
ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG ALL;
-- Database can now be opened normally.
ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
-- Commands to add tempfiles to temporary tablespaces.
-- Online tempfiles have complete space information.
-- Other tempfiles may require adjustment.
ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/temp01.dbf'
     SIZE 20971520  REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 655360  MAXSIZE 32767M;
-- End of tempfile additions.
--
--     Set #2. RESETLOGS case
--
-- The following commands will create a new control file and use it
-- to open the database.
-- Data used by Recovery Manager will be lost.
-- The contents of online logs will be lost and all backups will
-- be invalidated. Use this only if online logs are damaged.
-- After mounting the created controlfile, the following SQL
-- statement will place the database in the appropriate
-- protection mode:
--  ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE
STARTUP NOMOUNT
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORACL" RESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/system01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/undotbs01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/users01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET WE8ISO8859P1
;
-- Commands to re-create incarnation table
-- Below log names MUST be changed to existing filenames on
-- disk. Any one log file from each branch can be used to
-- re-create incarnation records.
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORACL/archivelog/2012_06_12/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc';
-- Recovery is required if any of the datafiles are restored backups,
-- or if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate.
RECOVER DATABASE USING BACKUP CONTROLFILE
-- Database can now be opened zeroing the online logs.
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
-- Commands to add tempfiles to temporary tablespaces.
-- Online tempfiles have complete space information.
-- Other tempfiles may require adjustment.
ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/temp01.dbf'
     SIZE 20971520  REUSE AUTOEXTEND ON NEXT 655360  MAXSIZE 32767M;
-- End of tempfile additions.
--
5.从备份控制文件中提取我们需要的部分,这里我们选择RESETLOGS,将如下内容保存文件为
create_confile.sql
 
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "ORACL" RESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/system01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/undotbs01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/oracl/users01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET WE8ISO8859P1
;
 
6.执行create_confile.sql
SQL>set sqlblanklines on -- 因为文件中有空行,需要将该选项打开,否则执行的时候报语法错误
 
SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
Database altered.
 
说明:
重建控制文件后,若备份信息是存储在控制文件的,该信息会丢失.
 
-- The End --
 
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