Chinaunix首页 | 论坛 | 认证专区 | 博客 登录 | 注册

雾里看花ghan.blog.chinaunix.net

数据世界!!!6220104@qq.com

  • 博客访问: 1705713
  • 博文数量: 428
  • 博客积分: 7770
  • 博客等级: 少将
  • 技术积分: 4681
  • 用 户 组: 普通用户
  • 注册时间: 2006-11-09 11:58
个人简介

Oracle/DB2/Postgresql/Mysql/Hadoop/Greenplum/Postgres-xl/Mongodb

文章分类

全部博文(428)

文章存档

2017年(26)

2016年(23)

2015年(30)

2014年(17)

2013年(34)

2012年(77)

2011年(45)

2010年(15)

2009年(31)

2008年(34)

2007年(63)

2006年(32)

微信关注

IT168企业级官微



微信号:IT168qiye



系统架构师大会



微信号:SACC2013

订阅
热词专题

分类: Mysql/postgreSQL

PostgreSQL-10 主从同步复制测试

一、主节点开启同步复制

1、 新建一个复制账号

 [postgres@test ~]$ /usr/local/pg10/bin/psql
psql (10.0)
Type "help" for help.



postgres=# CREATE ROLE replication WITH REPLICATION PASSWORD '6220104' LOGIN;  //复制账号
  

postgres=# CREATE ROLE tank SUPERUSER LOGIN PASSWORD '6220104';   //超级管理员 

2、修改主配置文件及开启流复制

[postgres@test pgdata]$ grep -Ev "^$|^[#;]" postgresql.conf 
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
listen_addresses = '*'		# what IP address(es) to listen on;
					# comma-separated list of addresses;
					# defaults to 'localhost'; use '*' for all
					# (change requires restart)
max_connections = 100			# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# 0 selects the system default
					# 0 selects the system default
					# 0 selects the system default
shared_buffers =2048MB			# min 128kB
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
work_mem = 128MB				# min 64kB
maintenance_work_mem = 256MB		# min 1MB
dynamic_shared_memory_type = posix	# the default is the first option
					# supported by the operating system:
					#   posix
					#   sysv
					#   windows
					#   mmap
					# use none to disable dynamic shared memory
					# (change requires restart)
					# in kB, or -1 for no limit
					# (change requires restart)
					# can be used in parallel queries
					# (change requires restart)
wal_level = replica			# minimal, replica, or logical
					# (change requires restart)
					# (turning this off can cause
					# unrecoverable data corruption)
synchronous_commit = on		# synchronization level;
					# off, local, remote_write, remote_apply, or on
					# supported by the operating system:
					#   open_datasync
					#   fdatasync (default on Linux)
					#   fsync
					#   fsync_writethrough
					#   open_sync
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
max_wal_size = 16GB
min_wal_size = 8GB
				# (change requires restart)
				# placeholders: %p = path of file to archive
				#               %f = file name only
				# e.g. 'test ! -f /mnt/server/archivedir/%f && cp %p /mnt/server/archivedir/%f'
				# number of seconds; 0 disables
max_wal_senders = 10		# max number of walsender processes
				# (change requires restart)
wal_sender_timeout = 10s	# in milliseconds; 0 disables
				# (change requires restart)
				# (change requires restart)
synchronous_standby_names = '*'	# standby servers that provide sync rep
				# method to choose sync standbys, number of sync standbys,
				# and comma-separated list of application_name
				# from standby(s); '*' = all
hot_standby = on			# "off" disallows queries during recovery
					# (change requires restart)
					# when reading WAL from archive;
					# -1 allows indefinite delay
					# when reading streaming WAL;
					# -1 allows indefinite delay
					# 0 disables
					# query conflicts
					# communication from master
					# in milliseconds; 0 disables
					# retrieve WAL after a failed attempt
					# (change requires restart)
effective_cache_size = 4GB
					# JOIN clauses

log_timezone = 'PRC'

timezone = 'PRC'
					# abbreviations.  Currently, there are
					#   Default
					#   Australia (historical usage)
					#   India
					# You can create your own file in
					# share/timezonesets/.
					# encoding
lc_messages = 'C'			# locale for system error message
					# strings
lc_monetary = 'C'			# locale for monetary formatting
lc_numeric = 'C'			# locale for number formatting
lc_time = 'C'				# locale for time formatting
default_text_search_config = 'pg_catalog.english'
					# (change requires restart)
					# (change requires restart)
					# (max_pred_locks_per_transaction
					#  / -max_pred_locks_per_relation) - 1
					# directory 'conf.d'
[postgres@test pgdata]$ 

3、修改访问控制文件

 [postgres@test pgdata]$ grep -Ev "^$|^[#;]" pg_hba.conf 
local   all             all                                     trust
host    all             all             127.0.0.1/32            trust
host    all             all             14.23.51.58/32          md5
host    all             all             ::1/128                 trust
local   replication     all                                     trust
host    replication     all             14.23.51.58/32          md5
host    replication     all             ::1/128                 trust
[postgres@test pgdata]$ 

4、重启pg实例

# /etc/init.d/pg10 restart 

二、 备机作业

2.1 初始化生成data基备份

[postgres@node02 ~]$ /usr/local/pg10/bin/pg_basebackup -D data   -h 139.159.247.78 -U replication  -X stream //注意其它表空间位置是否存在 

2.2 编辑recovery.conf文件。

 # cp /usr/local/pg10/share/postgresql/recovery.conf.sample  recovery.conf

[postgres@node02 backup]$  vi recovery.conf 

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# STANDBY SERVER PARAMETERS
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# standby_mode
#
# When standby_mode is enabled, the PostgreSQL server will work as a
# standby. It will continuously wait for the additional XLOG records, using
# restore_command and/or primary_conninfo.
#
standby_mode = on
#
# primary_conninfo
#
# If set, the PostgreSQL server will try to connect to the primary using this
# connection string and receive XLOG records continuously.
#
primary_conninfo = 'host=139.159.247.78 port=5432  user=replication password=6220104 application_name=ghan' # e.g. 'host=localhost po
rt=5432' 
//如果设置application_name=* 将同步所有主节点数据库 

2.3启动pg查看日志

[postgres@node02 backup]$ /usr/local/pg10/bin/pg_ctl -D data  start -l kkk.log 

三、同步复制状态检查在主节点

 [postgres@test ~]$ /usr/local/pg10/bin/psql
psql (10.0)
Type "help" for help.

postgres=#  \x
Expanded display is on.
postgres=#  SELECT * FROM pg_stat_replication;
-[ RECORD 1 ]----+------------------------------
pid              | 18242
usesysid         | 16575
usename          | replication
application_name | ghan
client_addr      | 14.23.51.58
client_hostname  | 
client_port      | 52308
backend_start    | 2017-10-31 17:41:04.982858+08
backend_xmin     | 
state            | streaming
sent_lsn         | B/31C17120
write_lsn        | B/31C17120
flush_lsn        | B/31C17120
replay_lsn       | B/31C17120
write_lag        | 
flush_lag        | 
replay_lag       | 
sync_priority    | 1
sync_state       | sync

postgres=# 

四、关闭备节点测试

ghan=# insert into t2_test values(generate_series(1,70));
^CCancel request sent
WARNING:  canceling wait for synchronous replication due to user request
DETAIL:  The transaction has already committed locally, but might not have been replicated to the standby.
INSERT 0 70
ghan=# ^C
ghan=# 

五、关闭主节点同步提修改为异步提交

5.1修改配置文件

# vi postgresql.conf 

synchronous_commit = off		# synchronization level; 

5.2、重启pg实例

# /etc/init.d/pg10 restart 
阅读(82) | 评论(2) | 转发(0) |
给主人留下些什么吧!~~

ghan2017-11-01 20:42:38

dreamakerjerry:您好,前辈,默默关注您有段时间了,非常喜欢您注重质量的文章风格。因为之前看您写过pgxl的文章,刚好今天遇到个问题没解决,所以冒昧请教:今天运行“create extension postgres_fdw”时报了版本不支持fdw错误,那么如何实现跨库关联查询呢?谢谢。

可以使用 dblink

回复 | 举报

dreamakerjerry2017-10-31 22:53:35

您好,前辈,默默关注您有段时间了,非常喜欢您注重质量的文章风格。因为之前看您写过pgxl的文章,刚好今天遇到个问题没解决,所以冒昧请教:今天运行“create extension postgres_fdw”时报了版本不支持fdw错误,那么如何实现跨库关联查询呢?谢谢。

评论热议
请登录后评论。

登录 注册