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分类: Mysql/postgreSQL

一、安装Perl模块 

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install perl

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install perl-CPAN

[root@pg01 ~]#  vi /usr/share/perl5/CPAN/Config.pm

  'urllist' => [q[https://mirrors.aliyun.com/CPAN/]],    //修改成阿里云

[root@pg01 ~]# perl -MCPAN -e shell
Terminal does not support AddHistory.


cpan shell -- CPAN exploration and modules installation (v1.9402)
Enter 'h' for help.


cpan[1]> reload index
CPAN: Storable loaded ok (v2.20)
Going to read '/root/.cpan/Metadata'
  Database was generated on Wed, 14 Jun 2017 16:54:01 GMT
CPAN: LWP::UserAgent loaded ok (v5.833)
CPAN: Time::HiRes loaded ok (v1.9721)
Fetching with LWP:
  https://mirrors.aliyun.com/CPAN/authors/01mailrc.txt.gz
Going to read '/root/.cpan/sources/authors/01mailrc.txt.gz'
............................................................................DONE
Fetching with LWP:
  https://mirrors.aliyun.com/CPAN/modules/02packages.details.txt.gz
Going to read '/root/.cpan/sources/modules/02packages.details.txt.gz'
  Database was generated on Fri, 16 Jun 2017 17:54:00 GMT
.............
  New CPAN.pm version (v2.16) available.
  [Currently running version is v1.9402]
  You might want to try
    install CPAN
    reload cpan
  to both upgrade CPAN.pm and run the new version without leaving
  the current session.




...............................................................DONE
Fetching with LWP:
  https://mirrors.aliyun.com/CPAN/modules/03modlist.data.gz
LWP failed with code[500] message[Connect failed: connect: 连接超时; 连接超时]


Trying with "/usr/bin/curl -L -f -s -S --netrc-optional" to get
    "https://mirrors.aliyun.com/CPAN/modules/03modlist.data.gz"
Going to read '/root/.cpan/sources/modules/03modlist.data.gz'
DONE
Going to write /root/.cpan/Metadata


cpan[2]> reload cpan
(CPAN__unchanged__v1.9402)(CPAN::Author__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::CacheMgr__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Complete__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Debug__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::DeferredCode__unchanged__v5.50)(CPAN::Distribution__unchanged__v1.93)(CPAN::Distroprefs__unchanged__v6)(CPAN::Distrostatus__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Exception::RecursiveDependency..v5.5)(CPAN::Exception::yaml_not_installed....v5.5)(CPAN::FTP__unchanged__v5.5001)(CPAN::FTP::netrc__unchanged__v1.00)(CPAN::HandleConfig__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Index__unchanged__v1.93)(CPAN::InfoObj__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::LWP::UserAgent......v1.00)(CPAN::Module__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Prompt__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Queue__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Shell__unchanged__v5.5)(CPAN::Tarzip__unchanged__v5.501)(CPAN::Version__unchanged__v5.5)
12 subroutines redefined


cpan[3]> 


二、安装oracle配置客户端


rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-basic-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-devel-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-jdbc-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-sqlplus-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm

[root@pg01 ora2pg]# vi ~/.bashrc 
# .bashrc

export  ORACLE_HOME=/usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64
export  TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin
export  NLS_LANG='simplified chinese_china'.ZHS16GBK
export  LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/lib 
export  PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

配置oracle客户端进行测试连接
[root@pg01 ora2pg]# more /usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/network/admin/tnsnames.ora 
ORCL =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 108.88.3.126)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = orcl)
    )
  )
[root@pg01 ora2pg]# 

#sqlplus /nolog


SQL>conn scott/tiger@orcl


三、安装ora2pg软件包

#wget -c https://github.com/darold/ora2pg/archive/v18.1.tar.gz

[root@pg01 ora2pg]# tar -zxvf v18.1.tar.gz 
ora2pg-18.1/
ora2pg-18.1/INSTALL
ora2pg-18.1/LICENSE
ora2pg-18.1/MANIFEST
ora2pg-18.1/Makefile.PL
ora2pg-18.1/README
ora2pg-18.1/changelog
ora2pg-18.1/doc/
ora2pg-18.1/doc/Ora2Pg.pod
ora2pg-18.1/doc/ora2pg.3
ora2pg-18.1/lib/
ora2pg-18.1/lib/Ora2Pg.pm
ora2pg-18.1/lib/Ora2Pg/
ora2pg-18.1/lib/Ora2Pg/GEOM.pm
ora2pg-18.1/lib/Ora2Pg/MySQL.pm
ora2pg-18.1/lib/Ora2Pg/PLSQL.pm
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/README
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/RPM/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/RPM/ora2pg.spec
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/create-deb-tree.sh
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/ora2pg/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/ora2pg/DEBIAN/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/ora2pg/DEBIAN/control
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/debian/ora2pg/DEBIAN/copyright
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/Ora2Pg.SlackBuild
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/Ora2Pg.info
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/README
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/doinst.sh
ora2pg-18.1/packaging/slackbuild/slack-desc
ora2pg-18.1/scripts/
ora2pg-18.1/scripts/ora2pg
ora2pg-18.1/scripts/ora2pg_scanner
[root@pg01 ora2pg]# cd ora2pg-18.1/
[root@pg01 ora2pg-18.1]# ll
总用量 424
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 193316 2月  17 18:03 changelog
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root   4096 2月  17 18:03 doc
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root     21 2月  17 18:03 INSTALL
drwxrwxr-x 3 root root   4096 2月  17 18:03 lib
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root  32472 2月  17 18:03 LICENSE
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root  52421 2月  17 18:03 Makefile.PL
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root    180 2月  17 18:03 MANIFEST
drwxrwxr-x 5 root root   4096 2月  17 18:03 packaging
-rw-rw-r-- 1 root root 124685 2月  17 18:03 README
drwxrwxr-x 2 root root   4096 2月  17 18:03 scripts
[root@pg01 ora2pg-18.1]# perl Makefile.PL 
Checking if your kit is complete...
Looks good
Writing Makefile for Ora2Pg


Done...
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please read documentation at http://ora2pg.darold.net/ before asking for help
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Now type: make && make install
[root@pg01 ora2pg-18.1]# make && make install
cp lib/Ora2Pg.pm blib/lib/Ora2Pg.pm
cp lib/Ora2Pg/GEOM.pm blib/lib/Ora2Pg/GEOM.pm
cp lib/Ora2Pg/PLSQL.pm blib/lib/Ora2Pg/PLSQL.pm
cp lib/Ora2Pg/MySQL.pm blib/lib/Ora2Pg/MySQL.pm
cp scripts/ora2pg blib/script/ora2pg
/usr/bin/perl -MExtUtils::MY -e 'MY->fixin(shift)' -- blib/script/ora2pg
cp scripts/ora2pg_scanner blib/script/ora2pg_scanner
/usr/bin/perl -MExtUtils::MY -e 'MY->fixin(shift)' -- blib/script/ora2pg_scanner
Manifying blib/man3/ora2pg.3
Installing /usr/local/share/perl5/Ora2Pg.pm
Installing /usr/local/share/perl5/Ora2Pg/PLSQL.pm
Installing /usr/local/share/perl5/Ora2Pg/MySQL.pm
Installing /usr/local/share/perl5/Ora2Pg/GEOM.pm
Installing /usr/local/share/man/man3/ora2pg.3
Installing /usr/local/bin/ora2pg
Installing /usr/local/bin/ora2pg_scanner
Installing default configuration file (ora2pg.conf.dist) to /etc/ora2pg
Appending installation info to /usr/lib64/perl5/perllocal.pod
[root@pg01 ora2pg-18.1]# cd /usr/local/
bin/       games/     lib/       libexec/   pg9.6/     pgsql/     share/     var/       
etc/       include/   lib64/     msmtp/     pg9.6-bak/ sbin/      src/       
[root@pg01 ora2pg-18.1]# 

四、安装DB2::Oracle模块


perl -MCPAN -e 'install DBD::Oracle'



五、配置ora2pg.conf文件


[root@pg01 dump]# cd /etc/ora2pg/
[root@pg01 ora2pg]# ll
总用量 128
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 47957 6月  17 10:46 ora2pg.conf.dist
[root@pg01 ora2pg]# cp ora2pg.conf.dist  ora2pg.conf


[root@pg01 ora2pg]# vi ora2pg.conf


修改如下内容:

ORACLE_DSN      dbi:Oracle:host=108.88.3.247;sid=ORCL   //oracle数据库连接参数
ORACLE_USER     pwms2     //Oracle数据库用户名经测试需要有DBA权限
ORACLE_PWD      pwms2    //Oracle数据库密码


# Oracle schema/owner to use
SCHEMA          PWMS2  // Oracle数据库导出schema


TYPE     TABLE  PACKAGE COPY VIEW GRANT SEQUENCE TRIGGER FUNCTION PROCEDURE TABLESPACE TYPE PARTITION   //指定导出Oracle数据库类型




# If deferring foreign keys is not possible du to the amount of data in a
# single transaction, you've not exported foreign keys as deferrable or you
# are using direct import to PostgreSQL, you can use the DROP_FKEY directive.
# It will drop all foreign keys before all data import and recreate them at
# the end of the import.
DROP_FKEY       1                                         //导数据后再导外键约束




OUTPUT          outputSCTTT.sql             //导出保存文件


# Base directory where all dumped files must be written
#OUTPUT_DIR     /var/tmp

DEFAULT_NUMERIC  numeric   # 将oracle中NUMBER 转成 numeric


六、导出oracle数据库

[root@pg01 ~]# mkdir dump
[root@pg01 ~]# cd dump/
[root@pg01 dump]# ll
总用量 0
[root@pg01 dump]# ora2pg
Can't set DBI::db=HASH(0x33cf4a0)->{AutoInactiveDestroy}: unrecognised attribute name or invalid value at /usr/lib64/perl5/DBI.pm line 708.
Can't get DBI::db=HASH(0x33cf4a0)->{AutoInactiveDestroy}: unrecognised attribute name at /usr/lib64/perl5/DBI.pm line 708.
[========================>] 259/259 tables (100.0%) end of scanning.                         
[>                        ]   0/259 tables (0.0%) end of scanning.                          
[========================>] 259/259 tables (100.0%) end of table export.                
[========================>] 0/0 packages (100.0%) end of output.        
Can't set DBI::db=HASH(0x3e3de48)->{AutoInactiveDestroy}: unrecognised attribute name or invalid value at /usr/lib64/perl5/DBI.pm line 708.
Can't get DBI::db=HASH(0x3e3de48)->{AutoInactiveDestroy}: unrecognised attribute name at /usr/lib64/perl5/DBI.pm line 708.
[========================>] 803/798 rows (100.6%) Table ATTACHMENT (803 recs/sec)
[>                        ]    803/763098 total rows (0.1%) - (1 sec., avg: 803 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table BMS_PARTINFO (0 recs/sec)                            
[>                        ]    803/763098 total rows (0.1%) - (1 sec., avg: 803 recs/sec).
[========================>] 1995/1995 rows (100.0%) Table CARTYPE (1995 recs/sec)                        
[>                        ]   2798/763098 total rows (0.4%) - (2 sec., avg: 1399 recs/sec).
[========================>] 2/2 rows (100.0%) Table CMS_PUBLICINFO (2 recs/sec)                           
[>                        ]   2800/763098 total rows (0.4%) - (2 sec., avg: 1400 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table CMS_PUBLICINFO_OBJECT (0 recs/sec)                    
[>                        ]   2800/763098 total rows (0.4%) - (2 sec., avg: 1400 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table DEMO_DICT (0 recs/sec)                                
[>                        ]   2800/763098 total rows (0.4%) - (3 sec., avg: 933 recs/sec).
[========================>] 12643/11519 rows (109.8%) Table EX_JBPM_ACTIVITY_INSTANCE (3160 recs/sec)    
[>                        ]  15443/763098 total rows (2.0%) - (7 sec., avg: 2206 recs/sec).          
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table EX_JBPM_CONFIGFILE (0 recs/sec)                       
[>                        ]  15443/763098 total rows (2.0%) - (7 sec., avg: 2206 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table EX_JBPM_EXFIELD (0 recs/sec)                          
[>                        ]  15443/763098 total rows (2.0%) - (8 sec., avg: 1930 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table EX_JBPM_EXPARAM (0 recs/sec)                          
[>                        ]  15443/763098 total rows (2.0%) - (8 sec., avg: 1930 recs/sec).
[========================>] 0/0 rows (100.0%) Table EX_JBPM_EXTENSION (0 recs/sec)                        
[>                        ]  15443/763098 total rows (2.0%) - (8 sec., avg: 1930 recs/sec).
[========================>] 3330/3330 rows (100.0%) Table FILEANDATTACHMENT (3330 recs/sec)               
[>                        ]  18773/763098 total rows (2.5%) - (9 sec., avg: 2085 recs/sec).


七、新建pg数据库,导入导出文件

[postgres@pg01 ~]$ /usr/local/pgsql/bin/createdb pwms4
[postgres@pg01 ~]$ /usr/local/pgsql/bin/psql -d pwms4
psql (9.5alpha1)
Type "help" for help.

pwms4=# \i /etc/ora2pg/outputSCTTT.sql 
CREATE TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER TABLE
ALTER SEQUENCE
COMMIT
pwms4=# \dt
                    List of relations
 Schema |            Name             | Type  |  Owner   
--------+-----------------------------+-------+----------
 public | attachment                  | table | postgres
 public | bms_partinfo                | table | postgres
 public | cartype                     | table | postgres
 public | cms_publicinfo              | table | postgres
 public | cms_publicinfo_object       | table | postgres

pwms4=# select * from sys_log limit 10;
   id   |                   account                   |      ip       |       createtime        |                                  operate                                   | flag 
--------+---------------------------------------------+---------------+-------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------
 895124 | 广州市广华有限公司[DHECdd-07-M0026] | 172.16.2.138  | 2017-04-10 09:03:46.991 | com.glaf.gzgi.refquote.web.springmvc.QuoteController.json                  |    1
 895123 | 广州市广华有限公司[DHECdd-07-M0026] | 172.16.2.138  | 2017-04-10 09:03:45.314 | com.glaf.gzgi.refquote.web.springmvc.QuotationController.update            |    1
 895122 | 广州市广华大有限公司[DHECdd-07-M0026] | 172.16.2.138  | 2017-04-10 09:03:31.822 | com.glaf.gzgi.refquote.web.springmvc.QuotationController.quotationFileJson |    1
 895141 | 黄卓[150912]                              | 172.16.19.98  | 2017-04-10 09:05:51.084 | com.glaf.gzgi.report.web.springmvc.AppAndOrdAndDelAndIntController.json    |    1
 895140 | 黄卓[150912]                              | 172.16.19.98  | 2017-04-10 09:05:41.51  | com.glaf.gzgi.report.web.springmvc.AppAndOrdAndDelAndIntController.json    |    1
 895139 | 黄卓[150912]                              | 172.16.19.98  | 2017-04-10 09:05:36.313 | com.glaf.gzgi.report.web.springmvc.AppAndOrdAndDelAndIntController.json    |    1
 895138 | 黄卓[150912]                              | 172.16.19.98  | 2017-04-10 09:05:27.604 | com.glaf.gzgi.report.web.springmvc.AppAndOrdAndDelAndIntController.json    |    1
 895137 | 王贤[010948]                              | 172.16.19.147 | 2017-04-10 09:05:26.517 | com.glaf.gzgi.goods.web.springmvc.GoodsController.json                     |    1
 895136 | 王贤[010948]                              | 172.16.19.147 | 2017-04-10 09:05:26.265 | com.glaf.gzgi.goods.web.springmvc.GoodsApproveController.getGoodsDatas     |    1
 895135 | 黄卓[150912]                              | 172.16.19.98  | 2017-04-10 09:05:18.313 | com.glaf.gzgi.report.web.springmvc.AppAndOrdAndDelAndIntController.json    |    1
(10 rows)


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