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分类: 信息化

2020-01-07 16:20:46



<>: 必选参数
{ }: 必选参数,内部使用
[ ]: 可选参数
( ): 指明参数的默认值,只用于{ }中
|: 用于分割
… : 任意多个参数
--: 后跟参数名
. :当前

usage: git [--version] [--help] [-C ] [-c =]
           [--exec-path[=]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path]
           [-p | --paginate | -P | --no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare]
           [--git-dir=] [--work-tree=] [--namespace=]
These are common Git commands used in various situations:
1.[ ]大括号代表可选参数[--version] [--help],也就是说可以直接输入git,也可以输入git + [ ]内的内容,如:git --version
2. | 代表“或者”,意为选择一个参数[-p | --paginate | -P | --no-pager],如: git -p,git -P,git --paginate
3.<>代表必选参数[-C ],如:git -C './a.txt',path为必须输入的内容

start a working area (see also: git help tutorial)
   clone      Clone a repository into a new directory
   init       Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one

git clone ”“;把远程仓库copy到本地工作副本
git clone ”“;初始化一个本地git仓库

git clone
git clone
work on the current change (see also: git help everyday)
   add        Add file contents to the index
   mv         Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
   reset      Reset current HEAD to the specified state
   rm         Remove files from the working tree and from the index
1.git add .     git add ./    git add    :添加文件(夹)到版本库
2.git mv :移动或重命名
3.git reset HEAD :工作副本版本回退
4.git rm :移除文件树的版本控制状态等

examine the history and state (see also: git help revisions)
   bisect     Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug
   grep       Print lines matching a pattern
   log        Show commit logs
   show       Show various types of objects
   status     Show the working tree status

grow, mark and tweak your common history
   branch     List, create, or delete branches
   checkout   Switch branches or restore working tree files
   commit     Record changes to the repository
   diff       Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
   merge      Join two or more development histories together
   rebase     Reapply commits on top of another base tip
   tag        Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG
1.git commit -am "commit msg" :提交当前目录所有变更
2.git checkout branchname【branchname-分支名称】切换分支
3.git diff :查看当前目录的变更

collaborate (see also: git help workflows)
   fetch      Download objects and refs from another repository
   pull       Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
   push       Update remote refs along with associated objects
'git help -a' and 'git help -g' list available subcommands and some
concept guides. See 'git help ' or 'git help '
to read about a specific subcommand or concept.
1.git fetch :拉取更新不合并
2.git pull :拉取当前目录下所有更新并合并本地副本
3.git push :推送当前目录下所有更新

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