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2015年(22)

2014年(8)

分类: 系统运维

2015-06-24 00:08:42

     所谓日志审计,就是记录所有系统及相关用户行为的信息,并且可以自动分析、处理、展示(包括文本或者录像)


推荐方法:sudo配合syslog服务,进行日志审计(信息较少,效果不错)


1.安装sudo命令、syslog服务(centos6.4或以上为rsyslog服务)

[root@nginx_back ~]#rpm -qa "sudo|syslog"   查询系统是否已安装sudo、syslog程序

rsyslog-5.8.10-8.el6.x86_64

sudo-1.8.6p3-15.el6.x86_64

[root@nginx_back ~]#rpm -qa|egrep "sudo|syslog"

rsyslog-5.8.10-8.el6.x86_64

sudo-1.8.6p3-15.el6.x86_64

如果没有安装,则用yum安装


2.配置/etc/sudoers

增加配置“Defaults    logfile=/var/log/sudo.log”到/etc/sudoers中,注意:不包含引号


[root@nginx_back ~]#echo "Defaults    logfile=/var/log/sudo.log">>/etc/sudoers

[root@nginx_back ~]#tail /etc/sudoers

## Allows members of the users group to mount and unmount the 

## cdrom as root

# %users  ALL=/sbin/mount /mnt/cdrom, /sbin/umount /mnt/cdrom


## Allows members of the users group to shutdown this system

# %users  localhost=/sbin/shutdown -h now


## Read drop-in files from /etc/sudoers.d (the # here does not mean a comment)

#includedir /etc/sudoers.d

Defaults    logfile=/var/log/sudo.log

[root@nginx_back ~]#tail -1 /etc/sudoers

Defaults    logfile=/var/log/sudo.log

[root@nginx_back ~]#visudo -c  检查sudoers文件语法

/etc/sudoers: parsed OK


3.配置系统日志/etc/syslog.conf

增加配置local2.debug到/etc/syslog.conf中(Centos5.8中)

[root@nginx_back ~]#echo "local2.debug   /var/log/sudo.log">>/etc/syslog.conf

[root@nginx_back ~]#tail -1 /etc/syslog.conf

local2.debug   /var/log/sudo.log

提示:如果是Centos6.4 路径为/etc/rsyslog.conf

[root@nginx_back ~]#echo "local2.debug   /var/log/sudo.log">>/etc/rsyslog.conf

[root@nginx_back ~]#tail -1 /etc/rsyslog.conf          

local2.debug   /var/log/sudo.log


4.重启syslog或rsyslog内核日志记录器

/etc/init.d/syslog restart(Centos5.8)

/etc/init.d/rsyslog restart(Centos6.4)


[root@nginx_back ~]#/etc/init.d/rsyslog restart

Shutting down system logger:                          [  OK  ]

Starting system logger:                               [  OK  ]

[root@nginx_back ~]#ll /var/log/sudo.log

-rw------- 1 root root 0 Jun 23 23:17 /var/log/sudo.log


5.测试sudo日志审计配置结果

[root@nginx_back ~]#whoami 

root

[root@nginx_back ~]#su - ci001

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_CTYPE: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_COLLATE: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_MESSAGES: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_NUMERIC: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_TIME: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

welcome to oldboy linux training from /etc/profile.d

[ci001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo -l

[sudo] password for ci001: 

Sorry, user ci001 may not run sudo on nginx_back.

[ci001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo useradd dddd

[sudo] password for ci001: 

ci001 is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.

[ci001@nginx_back ~]$ logout

[root@nginx_back ~]#ll /var/log/sudo.log

-rw------- 1 root root 232 Jun 23 23:21 /var/log/sudo.log

[root@nginx_back ~]#cat  /var/log/sudo.log  

Jun 23 23:20:44 : ci001 : command not allowed ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/ci001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=list

Jun 23 23:21:17 : ci001 : user NOT in sudoers ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/ci001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=/usr/sbin/useradd dddd


[root@nginx_back ~]#su - php001

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_CTYPE: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_COLLATE: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_MESSAGES: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_NUMERIC: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

-bash: warning: setlocale: LC_TIME: cannot change locale (en): No such file or directory

welcome to oldboy linux training from /etc/profile.d

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ whoami

php001

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo su -

[sudo] password for php001: 

Sorry, try again.

[sudo] password for php001: 

php001 is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo echo "php001 ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL">>/etc/sudoers

-bash: /etc/sudoers: Permission denied

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo vi /etc/sudoers

[sudo] password for php001: 

php001 is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ sudo visudo

[sudo] password for php001: 

php001 is not in the sudoers file.  This incident will be reported.

[php001@nginx_back ~]$ logout

[root@nginx_back ~]#cat  /var/log/sudo.log

Jun 23 23:20:44 : ci001 : command not allowed ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/ci001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=list

Jun 23 23:21:17 : ci001 : user NOT in sudoers ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/ci001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=/usr/sbin/useradd dddd

Jun 23 23:26:56 : php001 : user NOT in sudoers ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/php001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=/bin/su -

Jun 23 23:28:55 : php001 : user NOT in sudoers ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/php001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=/bin/vi /etc/sudoers

Jun 23 23:29:18 : php001 : user NOT in sudoers ; TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/php001 ;

    USER=root ; COMMAND=/usr/sbin/visudo


6.日志集中管理

1)rsync+inotify或定时任务+rsync,推到日志管理服务器上,10.0.0.7_20120309.sudo.log

2)syslog服务来处理

[root@MySQL-A~]#echo "10.0.2.164 logserver">>/etc/hosts

#日志服务器地址

[root@MySQL-A~]#echo "*.info  @logserver">>/etc/syslog.conf<<====适合所有日志推走

3)日志收集解决方案scribe、Flume、logstash、stom


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