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分类: Mysql/postgreSQL

2014-10-14 11:43:59

原文地址:MySQL中CTRL+C信号处理 作者:king_wangheng

 

目的

       为了理解MySQL在执行大SQL时,对执行CTRL+C产生的疑惑,本文通过实验测试和源码分析两个方面,对MySQL处理CTRL+C的详细过程进行分析和讲解,从而解除DBA及开发人员对CTRL+C的误解。

测试

       首先,基于线上数据库版本,分别使用MySQL客户端版本5.5.205.0.77进行实验测试,一方面排除不同数据库客户端版本造成的差异,另一方面,深入了解不同版本执行CTRL+C产生的差异。

MySQL客户端5.5.20

       使用MySQL客户端5.5.20Session1中执行select sleep(100)语句,在Session2中执行show processlist语句;然后在Session1中执行CTRL+C,在Session中执行show processlist语句,查看当前连接的线程。执行的图如下所示:

Session1

mysql> select sleep(100);

Ctrl-C -- sending "KILL QUERY 153779" to server ...

Ctrl-C -- query aborted.

ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query

Session2:

 

 

mysql> show processlist;
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| Id     | User        | Host            | db   | Command     | Time    | State                                                                       | Info              | Rows_sent | Rows_examined | Rows_read |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| 153779 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:39882 | NULL | Query       |       8 | User sleep                                                                  | select sleep(100) |         0 |             0 |         1 |
| 153780 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:39883 | NULL | Query       |       0 | NULL                                                                        | show processlist  |         0 |             0 |         1 |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show processlist;
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| Id     | User        | Host            | db   | Command     | Time    | State                                                                       | Info             | Rows_sent | Rows_examined | Rows_read |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| 153780 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:39883 | NULL | Query       |       0 | NULL                                                                        | show processlist |         0 |             0 |         1 |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
1 rows in set (0.00 sec)

       从以上结果来看,Session1中执行select操作时,Session2中可以查看该连接正在执行,在Session1中执行CTRL+C时,客户端向服务器端发送KILL QUERY 命令,并且连接关闭。在Session2中可以看到执行select的连接已经关闭。

MySQL客户端5.0.77

       使用客户端5.0.77执行同样的操作,执行CTRL+C后,观察执行的差异性。具体如下表中所示:

Session1

mysql> select sleep(100);

Query aborted by Ctrl+C

+------------+

| sleep(100) |

+------------+

|          1 |

+------------+

Session2

 

mysql> show processlist;
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| Id     | User        | Host            | db   | Command     | Time    | State                                                                       | Info              | Rows_sent | Rows_examined | Rows_read |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| 153783 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:45807 | NULL | Query       |       3 | User sleep                                                                  | select sleep(100) |         0 |             0 |         1 |
| 153784 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:45809 | NULL | Query       |       0 | NULL                                                                        | show processlist  |         0 |             0 |         1 |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show processlist;
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| Id     | User        | Host            | db   | Command     | Time    | State                                                                       | Info             | Rows_sent | Rows_examined | Rows_read |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
| 153783 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:45807 | NULL | Sleep       |      10 |                                                                             | NULL             |         1 |             0 |         1 |
| 153784 | heng.wang   | 127.0.0.1:45809 | NULL | Query       |       0 | NULL                                                                        | show processlist |         0 |             0 |         1 |
+--------+-------------+-----------------+------+-------------+---------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------+-----------+---------------+-----------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

      从以上结果可知,Session1上执行select时,Session2中建立查询连接;在Session1中执行CTRL+C时,显示Query被终止,并且返回执行的错误结果。在Session2中可知,连接的线程仍然存在,但是Query被终止,只是保持连接。

源码分析

       为了更进一步对以上测试进行确认,查看MySQL源码进行进一步的求证,同样基于MySQL5.5.205.0.77两个版本进行验证。具体如下:

MySQL 5.5.20源码

       MySQL客户端主函数main中,信号函数在源码文件client/mysql.cc:1163,源码如下所示:

  signal(SIGINT, handle_sigint);  // Catch SIGINT to clean up

       信号处理函数handle_sigintclient/mysql.cc:1291,源码如下所示:

sig_handler handle_sigint(int sig)

{

  char kill_buffer[40];

  MYSQL *kill_mysql= NULL;

  /* terminate if no query being executed, or we already tried interrupting */

  if (!executing_query || (interrupted_query == 2))

  {

    tee_fprintf(stdout, "Ctrl-C -- exit!\n");

    goto err;

  }

  kill_mysql= mysql_init(kill_mysql);

  if (!mysql_real_connect(kill_mysql,current_host, current_user, opt_password,

                          "", opt_mysql_port, opt_mysql_unix_port,0))

  {

    tee_fprintf(stdout, "Ctrl-C -- sorry, cannot connect to server to kill query, giving up ...\n");

    goto err;

  }

  interrupted_query++;

  /* mysqld < 5 does not understand KILL QUERY, skip to KILL CONNECTION */

  if ((interrupted_query == 1) && (mysql_get_server_version(&mysql) < 50000))

    interrupted_query= 2;

  /* kill_buffer is always big enough because max length of %lu is 15 */

  sprintf(kill_buffer, "KILL %s%lu",

          (interrupted_query == 1) ? "QUERY " : "",

          mysql_thread_id(&mysql));

  tee_fprintf(stdout, "Ctrl-C -- sending \"%s\" to server ...\n", kill_buffer);

  mysql_real_query(kill_mysql, kill_buffer, (uint) strlen(kill_buffer));

  mysql_close(kill_mysql);

  tee_fprintf(stdout, "Ctrl-C -- query aborted.\n");

  return;

err:

#ifdef _WIN32

  mysql_thread_end();

  return;

#else

  mysql_end(sig);

#endif 

}

       从以上源码可知,MySQL客户端在捕获信号后,将KILL QUERY 命令发送到服务器端执行,从而将Query处理KILL

MySQL 5.0.77源码

       MySQL客户端主函数main中,信号函数在源码文件client/mysql.cc:1150。源码如下所示:

  signal(SIGINT, mysql_sigint);  // Catch SIGINT to clean up

       信号处理函数mysql_sigint在源码文件client/mysql.cc:1214,源码如下所示:

sig_handler mysql_sigint(int sig)

{

  char kill_buffer[40];

  MYSQL *kill_mysql= NULL;

  /* terminate if no query being executed, or we already tried interrupting */

  if (!executing_query || interrupted_query++)

    goto err;

  kill_mysql= mysql_init(kill_mysql);

  if (!mysql_real_connect(kill_mysql,current_host, current_user, opt_password,

                          "", opt_mysql_port, opt_mysql_unix_port,0))

    goto err;

  /* kill_buffer is always big enough because max length of %lu is 15 */

  sprintf(kill_buffer, "KILL /*!50000 QUERY */ %lu", mysql_thread_id(&mysql));

  mysql_real_query(kill_mysql, kill_buffer, strlen(kill_buffer));

  mysql_close(kill_mysql);

  tee_fprintf(stdout, "Query aborted by Ctrl+C\n");

  return;

err:

#ifdef _WIN32

  mysql_thread_end();

  return;

#else

  mysql_end(sig);

#endif

}

       通过以上源码可知,MySQL客户端捕获信号后,向服务器端发送KILL /*!50000 QUERY */ 命令并执行,从而将Query处理kill

       基于以上两个版本处理的源码可知,MySQL客户端一定会捕获CTRL+C信号,并对该信号进行处理。而对于不同版本的客户端,由于发送命令的不同,导致MySQL服务器端执行结果有所不同。

结论

       通过以上测试和源码分析可知,MySQL客户端肯定会捕获CTRL+C信号,并对信号进行处理。不同的是,在MySQL 5.5.20版本的客户端中执行时,服务器端执行KILL QUERY 命令,将QUERY KILL掉,并将连接关闭。而对MySQL 5.0.77客户端中执行时,服务器端执行KILL /*!50000 QUERY */ 命令,KILLQUERY,但保持连接。

       此外,对于updatedelete数据更新操作[1]CTRL+C会将执行的操作标记为KILLED状态,然后执行回滚操作。因此,不会因为CTRL+C操作,导致数据变脏。

参考资料:

1KILL Syntaxhttp://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/kill.html

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