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分类: LINUX

2019-07-02 07:29:44

mysql

mysql是一个简单的sql shell,它可以用来管理mysql数据库。

此命令的适用范围:RedHatRHELUbuntuCentOSFedora

 

1、语法

mysql [options]  db 

 

2、参数列表

选项

说明

- | --help

显示帮助信息

--auto-rehash

激活自动rehash功能

--bind-address=ip

绑定ip,当电脑有多个网卡的时候,可以指定mysql连接时的网卡

--character-sets-dir = path

指定字符集所在的目录

--column-names

在结果中显示列名

-C | --comments

在发送给服务器的状态中显示注释

-c | --compress

在服务器和客户端之间的数据进行压缩

-D db | --database=db

指定数据库名

--default-character-set=chatset

默认的字符集

-e statement | --execute=statement

指定要使用的指令

-f | --force

强制执行

-H | --html

输出html格式

-i | --ignore-spaces

忽略空格

--line-numbers

为错误信息显示行号

--local-infile=0|1

关闭或者开启LOAD DATA INFILE功能

-A | --no-autp-rehash

关闭自动rehash功能

-b | --no-beep

关闭出错提醒

-p password | --password=

连接数据库使用的密码

-W | --pipe

使用有名管道连接数据库

-P port | --port=

连接数据库使用的端口

--protocol=TCP|SOCKET|PIPI|MEMORY

连接数据库使用的协议

-q | --quick

不缓存查询结果

-s | --silent

输出简短的内容

-v | --verbose

显示详细执行过程

-V | --version

显示版本信息

-w | --wait

等待时间

-X | --xml

产生xml输出

-u user | --user=

连接数据库的用户名,默认是rootq

 

3、实例

1)登录

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -u root –p             //使用用户root连接数据库

Enter password: 

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 5

Server version: 5.1.71 Source distribution

 

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

 

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

 

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

 

mysql>quit           //退出

Bye

2)查看权限

mysql> show privileges;

+-------------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+

| Privilege               | Context                               | Comment                                              |

+-------------------------+---------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+

| Alter                   | Tables                                | To alter the table                                    |

| Alter routine           | Functions,Procedures                  | To alter or drop stored functions/procedures          |

| Create                  | Databases,Tables,Indexes              | To create new databases and tables                    |

| Create routine          | Databases                             | To use CREATE FUNCTION/PROCEDURE                      |

| Create temporary tables | Databases                             | To use CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE                         |

| Create view             | Tables                                | To create new views                                   |

| Create user             | Server Admin                          | To create new users                                   |

| Delete                  | Tables                                | To delete existing rows                               |

| Drop                    | Databases,Tables                      | To drop databases, tables, and views                  |

| Event                   | Server Admin                          | To create, alter, drop and execute events             |

| Execute                 | Functions,Procedures                  | To execute stored routines                            |

| File                    | File access on server                 | To read and write files on the server                 |

| Grant option            | Databases,Tables,Functions,Procedures | To give to other users those privileges you possess   |

| Index                   | Tables                                | To create or drop indexes                             |

| Insert                  | Tables                                | To insert data into tables                            |

| Lock tables             | Databases                             | To use LOCK TABLES (together with SELECT privilege)   |

| Process                 | Server Admin                          | To view the plain text of currently executing queries |

| References              | Databases,Tables                      | To have references on tables                          |

| Reload                  | Server Admin                          | To reload or refresh tables, logs and privileges      |

| Replication client      | Server Admin                          | To ask where the slave or master servers are          |

| Replication slave       | Server Admin                          | To read binary log events from the master             |

| Select                  | Tables                                | To retrieve rows from table                           |

| Show databases          | Server Admin                          | To see all databases with SHOW DATABASES              |

| Show view               | Tables                                | To see views with SHOW CREATE VIEW                    |

| Shutdown                | Server Admin                          | To shut down the server                               |

| Super                   | Server Admin                          | To use KILL thread, SET GLOBAL, CHANGE MASTER, etc.   |

| Trigger                 | Tables                                | To use triggers                                       |

| Update                  | Tables                                | To update existing rows                               |

| Usage                   | Server Admin                          | No privileges - allow connect only     

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