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分类: Android平台

2014-04-25 10:47:16

 

系统满足的条件:

VMware下,最好给客户虚拟机1.5G内存,30G以上的硬盘。

实现应该要安装的软件:

For Gingerbread (2.3.x) and newer versions, including the master branch, a 64-bit environment is required. Older versions can be compiled on 32-bit systems.

Note: It is also possible to build Android in a virtual machine. If you are running Linux in a virtual machine, you will need at least 16GB of RAM/swap and 30GB or more of disk space in order to build the Android tree.

Detailed instructions for Ubuntu and MacOS follow. In general you will need:

  • Python 2.5 -- 2.7, which you can download from .
  • GNU Make 3.81 -- 3.82, which you can download from ,
  • JDK 6 if you wish to build Gingerbread or newer; JDK 5 for Froyo or older. You can download both from .
  • Git 1.7 or newer. You can find it at .

You will need a 64-bit version of Ubuntu. Ubuntu 10.04 is recommended. Building using a newer version of Ubuntu is currently only experimentally supported and is not guaranteed to work on branches other than master.

$ sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \

  zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev \

  libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386 \

  libgl1-mesa-dev g++-multilib mingw32 openjdk-6-jdk tofrodos \

  python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386

$ sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libGL.so

源码编译过程中可能出现的问题:

1
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libutils_intermediates/RefBase.o] Error 1

make: *** 
解决方法:
gedit frameworks/base/libs/utils/Android.mk

LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DLIBUTILS_NATIVE=1 $(TOOL_CFLAGS)
修改为:
LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DLIBUTILS_NATIVE=1 $(TOOL_CFLAGS) –fpermissive

2
make: *** [out/target/common/obj/JAVA_LIBRARIES/framework_intermediates/noproguard.classes-with-local.dex] Killed


解决方法:
把虚拟机ubuntu系统分配内存1G,有条件最好对于1G


3

:0:0: error: "_FORTIFY_SOURCE" redefined [-Werror]


make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/obbtool_intermediates/Main.o] Error 1

解决方法:
修改build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk 61行,将
HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0
修改成
HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0

昨天下载、编译了android-4.0.3,遇到的问题贴出来,共享一下:

环境要求改变。

    现在要求内存1.5G左右,硬盘25G以上,以前1G10G就够了。官方说明“Note: The source download is approximately 6GB in size. You will need 25GB free to complete a single build, and up to 80GB (or more) for a full set of builds.”

     可惜我编之前没看,编译报错如下:   

错一:

host SharedLib: libbcc (out/host/linux-x86/obj/lib/libbcc.so)

collect2: ld terminated with signal 9 [Killed]

make: *** [out/target/common/obj/JAVA_LIBRARIES/core_intermediates/noproguard.classes-with-local.dex] Killed

make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs….

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/llvm-rs-cc_intermediates/llvm-rs-cc] Error 1

collect2: ld terminated with signal 9 [Killed]

collect2: ld terminated with signal 9 [Killed]

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/lib/libbcc.so] Error 1

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/clang_intermediates/clang] Error 1

weihongcsu@ubuntu:~/disk2/android-4.0.1_r1$

错二:

target Dex: framework

make: *** [out/target/common/obj/JAVA_LIBRARIES/framework_intermediates/noproguard.classes-with-local.dex] Killed

weihongcsu@ubuntu:~/disk2/android-4.0.1_r1$

错三:

arm-eabi-g++: Internal error: Killed (program cc1plus)

解决办法:

这些错误都是 linuxOOM killer 导致,内存1.5G左右,硬盘25G”就可以解决,我为了保险,把make -j4改成了make.编译5个小时以上吧,out目录大小:12G

错误1

USER-NAME@MACHINE-NAME:~/Android$ make

出现了如下错误:

host C++: llvm-rs-cc <= frameworks/compile/slang/slang_rs_export_foreach.cpp

frameworks/compile/slang/slang_rs_export_foreach.cpp: In static member function ‘static slang::RSExportForEach* slang::RSExportForEach::Create(slang::RSContext*, const clang::FunctionDecl*)’:

frameworks/compile/slang/slang_rs_export_foreach.cpp:247:23: error: variable ‘ParamName’ set but not used [-Werror=unused-but-set-variable]

cc1plus: all warnings being treated as errors

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/llvm-rs-cc_intermediates/slang_rs_export_foreach.o] Error 1

解决方法:

1.在工程根目录下,打开下面的makefile文件:

$ vi frameworks/compile/slang/Android.mk 

2.在打开的makefile文件中按照下面更改:

#local_cflags_for_slang := -Wno-sign-promo -Wall -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror

local_cflags_for_slang := -Wno-sign-promo -Wall -Wno-unused-parameter

错误2

<命令行>:0:0: 错误:“_FORTIFY_SOURCE”重定义 [-Werror] :0:0: 附注:这是先前定义的位置

解决:

修改build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk 61行,将 HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0 修改成 HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0

错误2

host Prebuilt: monkeyrunner (out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/monkeyrunner_intermediates/monkeyrunner) host C++: obbtool <= frameworks/base/tools/obbtool/Main.cpp <命令行>:0:0: 错误:“_FORTIFY_SOURCE”重定义 [-Werror] :0:0: 附注:这是先前定义的位置 cc1plus:所有的警告都被当作是错误

解决:

修改build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0 修改成 HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0

错误3

error: Exited sync due to fetch errors

解决:

重新运行 repo sync 就可以解决

1、问题一:/bin/bash: bison: 未找到命令

解决方法:$ sudo apt-get install bison

2、问题二:

You are attempting to build with the incorrect version of java.

Your version is: /bin/bash: java: 未找到命令.

The correct version is: 1.5.

解决方法:

注意:必须使用1.5JDK版本。不能使用1.6等其他版本。

1)下载

sun官网上下载jdk-1_5_0_22-linux-i586.bin。注意不是jdk-1_5_0_22-linux-i586rpm.bin

2)部署

进入jdk-1_5_0_22-linux-i586.bin所在目录

cd ~

赋予该bin文件可执行属性

chmod +x jdk-1_5_0_22-linux-i586.bin

一直回车跳过协议到最后一行:

Do you agree to the above license terms? [yes or no]

键入yes回车,开始解压。默认解压到当前目录下的jdk1.5.0_22目录里。

3)配置环境变量

执行$gedit ~/.bashrc打开.bashrc文件。

修改./bashrc文件,在文件末尾添加

#set java environment

JAVA_HOME=“你的路径”/jdk1.5.0_10

export JRE_HOME=“你的路径”/jdk1.5.0_10/jre

export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JRE_HOME/lib:$CLASSPATH

export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:$PATH

保存并关闭文件。

在终端执行source ~/.bashrc刷新该配置

使用java version检查JDK是否配置正确。

3、问题三:

host c++: libhost <= build/libs/host/pseudolocalize.cpp/bin/bash: g++: 未找到命令

make: ***[out/host/linux-x86/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libhost_intermediates/pseudolocalize.o] 错误 127

解决方法:$ sudo apt-get install build-essential

4、问题四:

external/clearsilver/cgi/cgi.c:22:18: 致命错误: zlib.h: 没有那个文件或目录编译终端。

make: ***[out/host/linux-x86/obj/SHARED_LIBRARIES/libneo_cgi_intermediates/cgi.o] 错误 1

解决方法:$ sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev

5、问题五:

make: ***[out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/aapt_intermediates/appt] 错误 1

解决方法:

打开Android.mk文件

$gedit frameworks/base/tools/aapt/Android.mk

编辑下面一行:

ifeq ($(HOST_OS),linux)

#LOCAL_LDLIBS += -lrt       把这行注释掉,改为下面一行。

LOCAL_LDLIBS += -lrt -lpthread

endif

6、问题六:

host c: adb<= system/core/adb/fdevent.c

host Executable:adb (out/host/linux-86/obj/EXECUTABLES/adb_intermediates/adb)/user/bin/ld: cannot find –lncurses

collect2: ld 返回 1

make: ***[out/host/linux-86/obj/EXECUTABLES/adb_intermediates/adb] 错误 1

解决方法:$sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev

7、问题七:

make: ***[out/target/product/sam9g45/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libwebcore_intermediates/WebCore/css/CSSPropertyNames.h] 错误 25

解决方法:$sudo apt-get install gpert

8、问题八:

host C++: libutils <= frameworks/base/libs/utils/RefBase.cpp

frameworks/base/libs/utils/RefBase.cpp: In member function ‘void android::RefBase::weakref_type::trackMe(bool, bool)’:

frameworks/base/libs/utils/RefBase.cpp:483:67: error: passing ‘const android::RefBase::weakref_impl’ as ‘this’ argument of ‘void android::RefBase::weakref_impl::trackMe(bool, bool)’ discards qualifiers [-fpermissive]

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libutils_intermediates/RefBase.o] 错误 1

解决方法:

打开Android.mk

$ gedit frameworks/base/libs/utils/Android.mk

将下面这一行

LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DLIBUTILS_NATIVE=1 $(TOOL_CFLAGS)

改为

LOCAL_CFLAGS += -DLIBUTILS_NATIVE=1 $(TOOL_CFLAGS) -fpermissive

9、问题九:

make: ***[out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/emulator_intermediates/android/skin/window.o] Error 1

解决方法:$ sudo apt-get install libx11-dev

10、问题十:

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/localize_intermediates/localize] 错误 1

解决方法:

打开Android.mk

$gedit ./framework/base/tools/localize/Android.mk文件(注意与问题五中的文件是不同文件)

编辑下面一行:

ifeq ($(HOST_OS),linux)

#LOCAL_LDLIBS += -lrt       把这行注释掉,改为下面一行。

LOCAL_LDLIBS += -lrt –lpthread

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/pku_android

11、问题十一:

make: ***[out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/accRuntimeTest_intermediates/accRuntimeTest] 错误 1

解决方法:

打开Android.mk:

$gedit system/core/libacc/tests/Android.mk(注意与问题五和问题十不是同一个文件)

将以下缺少的语句添加进去:

LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := \

     libacc

LOCAL_LDLIBS += -ldl

LOCAL_MODULE_TAGS := tests

include $(BUILD_HOST_EXECUTABLE)下面添加以下缺少的语句:

LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := \

     libacc

LOCAL_LDLIBS += -ldl

LOCAL_MODULE_TAGS := tests

圣诞本来想去西单的,还是留在宿舍编译4.0源码,当前硬件 linux分区80G+4G swap,内存4Gi5 2430

环境配置这儿有,官方的说明那是。

编译遇到问题我都写出来了。

遇到的第一处错误

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/obbtool_intermediates/Main.o] Error 1

此处编译错误是由于ubuntu 11.10采用了GCC4.6.1导致的。

解决方法:

修改源码目录下/build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk文件:

将以下语句

HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0

修改为

HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0

并不会就这样结束,接下来你会发现有个地方你必须把gcc改为4.4

第二处错误上场了

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/llvm-rs-cc_intermediates/slang_rs_export_foreach

在工程根目录下,打开下面的makefile文件:

源码目录 frameworks/compile/slang/Android.mk

.在打开的makefile文件中按照下面更改:

#local_cflags_for_slang := -Wno-sign-promo -Wall -Wno-unused-parameter -Werror

local_cflags_for_slang := -Wno-sign-promo -Wall -Wno-unused-parameter

原因很简单把警告当作error处理,所以此处要修改

==============================================

继续编译,错误忘了,没记录。这儿需要修改cpp如下。详情可以到 groups看,错误应该有个linker什么的,看代码提示就行了

#include

to external/mesa3d/src/glsl/linker.cpp

=============================================

继续编译

make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/opannotate_intermediates/opannotate] 错误 1

解决方法:

HAVE_LIBBFD := false in external/oprofile/common.mk

ifeq ($(HOST_OS)-$(HOST_ARCH),linux-x86)

#onelong HAVE_LIBBFD := true 修改为:

HAVE_LIBBFD := false

===================================

最后你可能发现找不到-lstdc++  悲剧。这个是在g++ mutillib

lib64stdc++6-4.4-dbg gcc-4.6-doc libstdc++6-4.6-dbg lib64stdc++6-4.6-dbg

  lib64mudflap0 libstdc++6-4.6-doc

  g++ g++-4.4-multilib g++-4.6 g++-4.6-multilib g++-multilib gcc-4.4-multilib

  gcc-4.6-multilib gcc-multilib lib64gcc1 lib64gomp1 lib64quadmath0

  lib64stdc++6 libc6-amd64 libc6-dev-amd64 libstdc++6-4.6-dev

不过直接把gcc g++改为4.4就行了。不然早晚得改,代码基本没什么问题,关键你要找对修改的地方,还有各种依赖包要处理好

好了,看到结果了,编译完成了,嘎嘎

Installed file list: out/target/product/generic/installed-files.txt

Target system fs image: out/target/product/generic/obj/PACKAGING/systemimage_intermediates/system.img

Install system fs image: out/target/product/generic/system.img

Target ram disk: out/target/product/generic/ramdisk.img

Target userdata fs image: out/target/product/generic/userdata.img

thinkinbunny@thinkinbunny-360buy:~/桌面/droid4.03/droid$

g++ selected multilib '32' not installed

继续奋战吧,安装相应的工具吧:sudo apt-get install g++-4.4-multilib,现在正在make -j8在我的i5/4G机子里跑着。

出现java public 问题时,需要卸载系统自带的openjdk

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