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2012年(7)

2011年(1)

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2012-04-26 10:26:32

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基于PHP的运行环境大家用的比较多的是以apache做中间件的LAMP(linux+apache+mysql+php)环境和以nginx做中间件的LNMP(linux+nginx+mysql+php)环境,apache是世界排名第一的web服务器,apache可以整合大多数应用,比如jsp,php,cgi,python等等,但是apache过于臃肿以及对静态文件响应过于缓慢是让人很不满意的;而nginx作为后起之秀,大有超越前辈的势头,从最近很多门户网站选用nginx就可见一斑,nginx速度快,占用资源少,高性能转发,很高的稳定性,支持热部署,杀手级的proxy和rewrite,但nginx对于php处理依托于fastcgi,fastcgi不够稳定,经常出现502错误,生成相对复杂的页面没有优势,反而会使php-cgi进程变为僵尸进程,多用户多站点的安全性不高,对于其它开发语言的整合,apache表现的更好;综上述对比,为了搭建高性能的php运行环境,就要考虑对apache、nginx进行整合,各取所长,nginx在处理静态内容上的效率较apache强很大,那么就用nginx在前端处理静态文件,把基于php的动态文件转发到后端的apache来处理,接下来我们就开始布署LNAMP(linux+nginx+apache+mysql+php)环境

一、网络拓扑:

lvs-master: 192.168.9.221
LVS-backup: 192.168.9.222
LVS-VIP: 192.168.9.220

web_server_1: 192.168.9.223
web_server_2: 192.168.9.224
nfs_server_1: 192.168.9.228
nfs_server_1: 192.168.9.229
nfs_vip: 192.168.9.230
mysql_master: 192.168.9.226
mysql_backup: 192.168.9.227
mysql_vip: 192.168.9.225

目的:搭建高可用、高性能的php集群

二、初始化系统
#init system
系统环境: CentOS 5.5 (最小化安装)

./init_system.sh #此脚本参见http://kerry.blog.51cto.com/172631/555535

#更新组件
sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ bison patch unzip mlocate flex wget automake autoconf gd cpp gettext readline-devel libjpeg \
libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 \
glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel libidn libidn-devel openldap \
openldap-devel openldap-clients openldap-servers nss_ldap expat-devel libtool libtool-ltdl-devel bison

三、LVS+keeplived
#关于LVS+keeplived的配置请参考我的另一篇博文《CentOS5.5环境下布署LVS+keepalived 》http://kerry.blog.51cto.com/172631/401253

四、web_server安装配置(nginx、apache整合)
#download software
cd /opt
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.4.tar.gz
wget http://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.2.19.tar.gz
wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
wget http://mysql.he.net/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.13.tar.gz
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#rpaf模块,该模块用于apache做后端时获取访客真实的IP
wget http://stderr.net/apache/rpaf/download/mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
#字符转换库libiconv
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.bz2/download
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz/download
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mhash/files/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2/download
wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.2.17.tar.bz2
#php5-mail-header.patch为php被丁,有助于防止邮件发送被滥用
wget http://www.lancs.ac.uk/~steveb/patches/php-mail-header-patch/php5-mail-header.patch
#PHP的memcache扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.6.tgz
#eaccelerator加速
wget http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6.1/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
wget ftp://ftp.imagemagick.org/pub/ImageMagick/ImageMagick.tar.bz2
#PHP的imagick扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.0.1.tgz
#Suhosin是一个PHP程序的保护系统
wget http://download.suhosin.org/suhosin-0.9.32.1.tar.gz
wget http://downloads2.ioncube.com/loader_downloads/ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.bz2
wget http://downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.3.9/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz #32位
wget http://downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.3.9/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz #64位
wget http://monkey.org/~provos/libevent-2.0.11-stable.tar.gz
wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre/8.12/pcre-8.12.tar.bz2/download
wget http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
#PHP的PDO扩展
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#Tcmalloc 优化nginx、mysql
wget http://google-perftools.googlecode.com/files/google-perftools-1.7.tar.gz

#---------------------------- 使用cmake编译安装mysql ----------------------------------
#使用Tcmalloc 优化nginx、mysql
cd /opt
tar -zxvf google-perftools-1.7.tar.gz
cd google-perftools-1.7/
./configure
make;make install

echo "/usr/local/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/usr_local_lib.conf
/sbin/ldconfig
cd ../

tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
cd cmake-2.8.4
./bootstrap
gmake
gmake install
cd ../

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql -s /sbin/nologin
mkdir -p /data/mysql/data
mkdir -p /data/mysql/binlog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/relaylog
mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
cd /opt
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.13.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.13/
rm -rf CMakeCache.txt
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/data/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql/data \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306
make;make install
chmod +w /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

#编辑mysql配置文件
vi /etc/my.cnf

  1. [client]
  2. port = 3306
  3. socket = /data/mysql/mysql.sock
  4. [mysqld]
  5. character_set_server = utf8
  6. collation-server = utf8_general_ci
  7. replicate-ignore-db = mysql
  8. replicate-ignore-db = test
  9. replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
  10. user = mysql
  11. port = 3306
  12. socket = /data/mysql/mysql.sock
  13. basedir = /usr/local/mysql
  14. datadir = /data/mysql/data
  15. log-error = /data/mysql/mysql_error.log
  16. pid-file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid
  17. open_files_limit = 10240
  18. back_log = 600
  19. max_connections = 5000
  20. max_connect_errors = 6000
  21. table_cache = 512
  22. external-locking = FALSE
  23. max_allowed_packet = 32M
  24. sort_buffer_size = 6M
  25. join_buffer_size = 8M
  26. thread_cache_size = 300
  27. thread_concurrency = 8
  28. query_cache_size = 512M
  29. query_cache_limit = 2M
  30. query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
  31. default-storage-engine = MyISAM
  32. thread_stack = 256K
  33. transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
  34. tmp_table_size = 256M
  35. max_heap_table_size = 256M
  36. long_query_time = 3
  37. log-slave-updates
  38. log-bin = /data/mysql/binlog/binlog
  39. binlog_cache_size = 4M
  40. binlog_format = MIXED
  41. max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
  42. max_binlog_size = 100M
  43. relay-log-index = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
  44. relay-log-info-file = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
  45. relay-log = /data/mysql/relaylog/relaylog
  46. expire_logs_days = 30
  47. key_buffer_size = 384M
  48. read_buffer_size = 4M
  49. read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
  50. bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
  51. myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
  52. myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
  53. myisam_repair_threads = 1
  54. myisam_recover
  55. interactive_timeout = 120
  56. wait_timeout = 120
  57. skip_external_locking
  58. skip-name-resolve
  59. #master-connect-retry = 10
  60. slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396
  61. #master-host = 192.168.1.2
  62. #master-user = username
  63. #master-password = password
  64. #master-port = 3306
  65. server-id = 1
  66. skip-innodb
  67. #log-slow-queries = /data/mysql/slow.log
  68. #long_query_time = 10
  69. [mysqldump]
  70. quick
  71. max_allowed_packet = 32M

#初始化mysql
/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/data --user=mysql

#利用TCMalloc提高mysql在高并发下的性能
vi /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe

#在# executing mysqld_safe的下一行,加上:
export LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/libtcmalloc.so

#使用lsof命令查看tcmalloc是否起效
/usr/sbin/lsof -n | grep tcmalloc

#设置mysql启动文件
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/data/mysql/data

chmod 700 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start
/sbin/chkconfig --add mysqld
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /sbin/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /sbin/mysqladmin

#设置root密码(753951)
/sbin/mysqladmin -u root password 753951

#配置库文件搜索路径
echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
/sbin/ldconfig

#添加/usr/local/mysql/bin到环境变量PATH中
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

#添加mysql管理帐户
#mysql -h localhost -u root -p753951
#msqyl> use mysql;
#msqyl> grant all on *.* to 'kerry'@'192.168.9.100' identified by '852741';
#msqyl> flush privileges;
#msqyl> exit;

#----------------------------------- 编译安装apache -------------------------------------
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www -s /sbin/nologin
mkdir -p /data/www/kerry
mkdir -p /data/logs/kerry
mkdir -p /data/www/king
mkdir -p /data/logs/king
chown -R www:www /data/www
chown -R www:www /data/logs
cd /opt
tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.19.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.2.19
cd srclib/apr
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr --enable-threads --enable-other-child --enable-static
make;make install
cd ../apr-util
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr
make;make install
cd ../../
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \
--enable-deflate \
--enable-headers \
--enable-mime-magic \
--enable-proxy \
--enable-ssl \
--enable-so \
--enable-rewrite \
--enable-suexec \
--with-suexec-bin=/usr/sbin/suexec \
--with-suexec-caller=www \
--with-apr=/usr/local/apr \
--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util \
--with-mpm=prefork \
--with-ssl=/usr
make;make install

cp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd
vi /etc/init.d/httpd
#在首行#!/bin/sh下添加
# Startup script for the Apache Web Server
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Apache is a World Wide Web server. It is used to serve \
# HTML files and CGI.
# processname: httpd
# pidfile: /usr/local/apache/logs/httpd.pid
# config: /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

#修改apache配置文件
cd /usr/local/apache/conf/
mv httpd.conf httpd.conf.bak

vi httpd.conf

  1. PidFile logs/httpd.pid
  2. LockFile logs/accept.lock
  3. ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache"
  4. Listen 0.0.0.0:81
  5. User www
  6. Group www
  7. ServerAdmin king_819@163.com
  8. ServerName www.kerry.com
  9. Timeout 300
  10. KeepAlive Off
  11. MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
  12. KeepAliveTimeout 5
  13. UseCanonicalName Off
  14. AccessFileName .htaccess
  15. TraceEnable Off
  16. ServerTokens ProductOnly
  17. FileETag None
  18. ServerSignature Off
  19. HostnameLookups Off
  20. # LoadModule perl_module modules/mod_perl.so
  21. DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"
  22. <Directory "/">
  23. Options ExecCGI FollowSymLinks Includes IncludesNOEXEC -Indexes -MultiViews SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
  24. Order allow,deny
  25. Allow from all
  26. AllowOverride All
  27. Directory>
  28. <Directory "/usr/local/apache/htdocs">
  29. Options Includes -Indexes FollowSymLinks
  30. AllowOverride None
  31. Order allow,deny
  32. Allow from all
  33. Directory>
  34. DefaultType text/plain
  35. RewriteEngine on
  36. AddType text/html .shtml
  37. AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl .plx .ppl .perl
  38. AddHandler server-parsed .shtml
  39. <IfModule mime_module>
  40. TypesConfig conf/mime.types
  41. AddType application/perl .pl .plx .ppl .perl
  42. AddType application/x-img .img
  43. AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .php6
  44. AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
  45. AddType application/cgi .cgi
  46. AddType text/x-sql .sql
  47. AddType text/x-log .log
  48. AddType text/x-config .cnf conf
  49. AddType text/x-registry .reg
  50. AddType application/x-compress .Z
  51. AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
  52. AddType text/html .shtml
  53. AddType application/x-tar .tgz
  54. AddType application/rar .rar
  55. AddType application/x-compressed .rar
  56. AddType application/x-rar .rar
  57. AddType application/x-rar-compressed .rar
  58. AddType text/vnd.wap.wml .wml
  59. AddType image/vnd.wap.wbmp .wbmp
  60. AddType text/vnd.wap.wmlscript .wmls
  61. AddType application/vnd.wap.wmlc .wmlc
  62. AddType application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc .wmlsc
  63. IfModule>
  64. <IfModule dir_module>
  65. DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.shtml index.php
  66. IfModule>
  67. <Files ~ "^error_log$">
  68. Order allow,deny
  69. Deny from all
  70. Satisfy All
  71. Files>
  72. <FilesMatch "^\.ht">
  73. Order allow,deny
  74. Deny from all
  75. Satisfy All
  76. FilesMatch>
  77. ErrorLog "logs/error_log"
  78. LogLevel warn
  79. <IfModule log_config_module>
  80. LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
  81. LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
  82. <IfModule logio_module>
  83. LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
  84. IfModule>
  85. CustomLog "logs/access_log" common
  86. IfModule>
  87. <IfModule alias_module>
  88. ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache/cgi-bin/"
  89. IfModule>
  90. <Directory "/usr/local/apache/cgi-bin">
  91. AllowOverride None
  92. Options None
  93. Order allow,deny
  94. Allow from all
  95. Directory>
  96. <IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
  97. StartServers 3
  98. MinSpareServers 3
  99. MaxSpareServers 5
  100. MaxClients 150
  101. MaxRequestsPerChild 1024
  102. IfModule>
  103. <IfModule mod_headers.c>
  104. <FilesMatch "\.(html|htm|shtml)$">
  105. Header set Cache-Control "max-age=3600, must-revalidate"
  106. FilesMatch>
  107. IfModule>
  108. ReadmeName README.html
  109. HeaderName HEADER.html
  110. IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t
  111. Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf
  112. <Location /server-status>
  113. SetHandler server-status
  114. Order deny,allow
  115. Deny from all
  116. Allow from 127.0.0.1
  117. Location>
  118. ExtendedStatus On
  119. <Location /server-info>
  120. SetHandler server-info
  121. Order deny,allow
  122. Deny from all
  123. Allow from 127.0.0.1
  124. Location>
  125. <IfModule ssl_module>
  126. Listen 0.0.0.0:443
  127. AddType application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt
  128. AddType application/x-pkcs7-crl .crl
  129. SSLCipherSuite ALL:!ADH:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:-LOW:-SSLv2:-EXP
  130. SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin
  131. SSLSessionCache dbm:/usr/local/apache/logs/ssl_scache
  132. SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300
  133. SSLMutex file:/usr/local/apache/logs/ssl_mutex
  134. SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
  135. SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
  136. IfModule>
  137. #Vhosts
  138. NameVirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81
  139. <VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81>
  140. ServerAdmin king_819@163.com
  141. DocumentRoot /data/www/kerry
  142. ServerName www.kerry.com
  143. ErrorLog logs/kerry-error_log
  144. CustomLog "|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs /data/logs/kerry/%y_%m_%d.access_log 86400" common
  145. VirtualHost>
  146. <VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:81>
  147. ServerAdmin king_819@163.com
  148. DocumentRoot /data/www/king
  149. ServerName www.king.com
  150. ErrorLog logs/king-error_log
  151. CustomLog "|/usr/local/apache/bin/rotatelogs /data/logs/king/%y_%m_%d.access_log 86400" common
  152. VirtualHost>

chmod 700 /etc/init.d/httpd
/etc/init.d/httpd start
/sbin/chkconfig --add httpd
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 httpd on

#------------------------------------- 编译安装PHP -------------------------------------
#编译安装相关支持库
cd /opt
tar -zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.bz2
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make;make install
/sbin/ldconfig

cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make;make install
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1

cd /opt
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make;make install

#编译php,这里我们为php打入补丁.有助于防止邮件发送被滥用(多用户)以及在邮件中提供有价值的信息.补丁介绍信息请点击:http://www.lancs.ac.uk/~steveb/patches/php-mail-header-patch/

cd /opt
tar -jxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1 < php5-mail-header.patch
cd php-5.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-zlib \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--enable-xml \
--disable-rpath \
--enable-discard-path \
--enable-safe-mode \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--with-curl \
--with-curlwrappers \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-force-cgi-redirect \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-gd \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--with-openssl \
--with-mhash \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-sockets \
--with-ldap \
--with-ldap-sasl \
--with-xmlrpc \
-enable-zip \
--enable-soap

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

#安装php扩展模块
cd /opt
tar -zxvf memcache-2.2.6.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.6/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-zlib-dir --enable-memcache
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxvf ImageMagick.tar.bz2
cd ImageMagick-6.6.9-8
./configure
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxf imagick-3.0.1.tgz
cd imagick-3.0.1/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -zxf suhosin-0.9.32.1.tgz
cd suhosin-0.9.32.1
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make;make install

cd /opt
tar -jxf ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.bz2
cd ioncube
mkdir /usr/local/ioncube
mv ioncube_loader_lin_5.2.so /usr/local/ioncube/

cd /opt
tar -zxf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17
cp ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17/ZendOptimizer.so

#修改php.ini.
sed -i 's#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"\nextension = "memcache.so"\nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"\nextension = "suhosin.so"\nextension = "imagick.so"\n#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s#; always_populate_raw_post_data = On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g" /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i "s#; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g" /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

#配置eAccelerator加速PHP
mkdir -p /data/eaccelerator_cache
chmod -R 777 /data/eaccelerator_cache
cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<[eaccelerator]
zend_extension = "/usr/local/ioncube/ioncube_loader_lin_5.2.so"
zend_extension = "/usr/local/Zend/lib/Optimizer-3.3.9/php-5.2.17/ZendOptimizer.so"
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="64"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/data/eaccelerator_cache"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="1"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"
eaccelerator.keys = shm
eaccelerator.sessions = shm
eaccelerator.content = shm
EOF

#安装Memcached(可选)
cd /opt
tar -xzf libevent-2.0.11-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-2.0.11-stable
./configure
make;make install
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libevent-1.4.so.2 /usr/lib

cd /opt
tar -xzf memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
cd memcached-1.4.5
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcached --with-libevent=/usr
make;make install

#基本使用方法:
启动:
/usr/local/memcached/bin/memcached -d -m 64 -p 11211 -u www -l localhost
关闭:
killall -9 memcached

#---------------------------------- 安装配置nginx ----------------------------------------
#安装pcre
/opt
tar -jxvf pcre-8.12.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.12/
./configure
make;make install

#安装nginx
cd /opt
tar -zxvf nginx-1.0.4.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.0.4/
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-google_perftools_module
make;make install
cd ../

#添加nginx启动脚本
vi /etc/init.d/nginx

  1. #! /bin/sh
  2. ulimit -n 65535
  3. # Description: Startup script for nginx
  4. # chkconfig: 2345 55 25
  5. PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
  6. DESC="nginx daemon"
  7. NAME=nginx
  8. DAEMON=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/$NAME
  9. CONFIGFILE=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
  10. PIDFILE=/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid
  11. SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
  12. set -e
  13. [ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0
  14. do_start() {
  15. $DAEMON -c $CONFIGFILE || echo -n "nginx already running"
  16. }
  17. do_stop() {
  18. kill -QUIT `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx not running"
  19. }
  20. do_reload() {
  21. kill -HUP `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx can't reload"
  22. }
  23. case "$1" in
  24. start)
  25. echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"
  26. do_start
  27. echo "."
  28. /etc/init.d/httpd start
  29. ;;
  30. stop)
  31. echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"
  32. do_stop
  33. echo "."
  34. /etc/init.d/httpd stop
  35. ;;
  36. reload)
  37. echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration..."
  38. do_reload
  39. echo "."
  40. /etc/init.d/httpd restart
  41. ;;
  42. restart)
  43. echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"
  44. do_stop
  45. sleep 1
  46. do_start
  47. echo "."
  48. /etc/init.d/httpd restart
  49. ;;
  50. *)
  51. echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|reload|restart}" >&2
  52. exit 3
  53. ;;
  54. esac
  55. exit 0

#添加nginx配置文件
mv /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.bak
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

  1. user www www;
  2. worker_processes 8;
  3. error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;
  4. pid /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;
  5. #使用Tcmalloc优化nginx性能
  6. google_perftools_profiles /var/tmp/tcmalloc;
  7. #Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
  8. worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
  9. #工作模式及连接数上限
  10. events
  11. {
  12. use epoll;
  13. worker_connections 65535;
  14. }
  15. #设定http服务器,利用它的反向代理功能提供负载均衡支持
  16. http
  17. {
  18. #设定mime类型
  19. include mime.types;
  20. default_type application/octet-stream;
  21. #charset gb2312;
  22. #设定请求缓冲
  23. server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
  24. client_header_buffer_size 32k;
  25. large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
  26. client_max_body_size 30m;
  27. sendfile on;
  28. tcp_nopush on;
  29. keepalive_timeout 60;
  30. tcp_nodelay on;
  31. server_tokens off;
  32. client_body_buffer_size 512k;
  33. proxy_connect_timeout 5;
  34. proxy_send_timeout 60;
  35. proxy_read_timeout 5;
  36. proxy_buffer_size 16k;
  37. proxy_buffers 4 64k;
  38. proxy_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  39. proxy_temp_file_write_size 128k;
  40. # fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
  41. # fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
  42. # fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  43. # fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
  44. # fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
  45. # fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  46. # fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
  47. gzip on;
  48. gzip_min_length 1k;
  49. gzip_buffers 4 16k;
  50. gzip_http_version 1.1;
  51. gzip_comp_level 2;
  52. gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
  53. gzip_vary on;
  54. #limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
  55. ###禁止通过ip访问站点
  56. server{
  57. server_name _;
  58. return 404;
  59. }
  60. server
  61. {
  62. listen 80;
  63. server_name www.kerry.com;
  64. index index.html index.htm index.php;#设定访问的默认首页地址
  65. root /data/www/kerry;#设定网站的资源存放路径
  66. #limit_conn crawler 20;
  67. if (-d $request_filename)
  68. {
  69. rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;
  70. }
  71. #所有php的页面均交由apache处理
  72. location ~ \.(php)?$ {
  73. proxy_set_header Host $host;
  74. proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  75. proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  76. proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:81;#转向apache处理
  77. }
  78. location ~ .*\.(htm|html|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ioc|rar|zip|txt|flv|mid|doc|ppt|pdf|xls|mp3|wma)$ #设定访问静态文件直接读取不经过apache
  79. {
  80. expires 30d;
  81. }
  82. location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
  83. {
  84. expires 1h;
  85. }
  86. #定义访问日志的写入格式
  87. log_format wwwlog '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
  88. '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
  89. '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
  90. access_log /data/logs/kerry/kerry_nginx.log wwwlog;#设定访问日志的存放路径
  91. }
  92. server
  93. {
  94. listen 80;
  95. server_name www.king.com;
  96. index index.html index.htm index.php;#设定访问的默认首页地址
  97. root /data/www/king;#设定网站的资源存放路径
  98. #limit_conn crawler 20;
  99. if (-d $request_filename)
  100. {
  101. rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;
  102. }
  103. #所有php的页面均交由apache处理
  104. location ~ \.(php)?$ {
  105. proxy_set_header Host $host;
  106. proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  107. proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  108. proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:81;#转向apache处理
  109. }
  110. location ~ .*\.(htm|html|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ioc|rar|zip|txt|flv|mid|doc|ppt|pdf|xls|mp3|wma)$ #设定访问静态文件直接读取不经过apache
  111. {
  112. expires 30d;
  113. }
  114. location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
  115. {
  116. expires 1h;
  117. }
  118. #定义访问日志的写入格式
  119. log_format bbslog '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
  120. '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
  121. '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
  122. access_log /data/logs/king/king_nginx.log bbslog;#设定访问日志的存放路径
  123. }
  124. server
  125. {
  126. listen 80;
  127. server_name status.www.kerry.com;
  128. location / {
  129. stub_status on;
  130. access_log off;
  131. }
  132. }
  133. }

#将nginx添加到启动服务中
chmod 700 /etc/init.d/nginx
/etc/init.d/nginx start
/sbin/chkconfig --add nginx
/sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 nginx on

#每天定时切割Nginx日志
vi /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh

  1. #!/bin/bash
  2. # This script run at 00:00
  3. # The Nginx logs path
  4. logs_path_kerry="/data/logs/kerry/"
  5. logs_path_kerry="/data/logs/king/"
  6. mv ${logs_path_kerry}kerry_nginx.log ${logs_path_kerry}$kerry_nginx_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log
  7. mv ${logs_path_king}king_nginx.log ${logs_path_king}king_nginx_$(date -d "yesterday" +"%Y%m%d").log
  8. kill -USR1 `cat /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid`

chmod +x /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh
#添加计划任务,每天凌晨00:00切割nginx访问日志
crontab -e
00 00 * * * /bin/bash /usr/local/nginx/sbin/cut_nginx_log.sh

#为apache安装rpaf模块,该模块用于apache做后端时获取访客真实的IP
#使用apxs安装模块.这里要使用此前apache编译安装后的apxs
cd /opt
tar -zxf mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz
cd mod_rpaf-0.6
/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs -i -c -n mod_rpaf-2.0.so mod_rpaf-2.0.c

#编辑/usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf,添加模块参数,查找LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so,在下方添加:

LoadModule rpaf_module modules/mod_rpaf-2.0.so
#Mod_rpaf settings
RPAFenable On
#上面出现的192.168.9.9请修改为你本机所监听web服务的ip.多个IP用空格空开
RPAFproxy_ips 127.0.0.1 192.168.9.9
RPAFsethostname On
RPAFheader X-Forwarded-For


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