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2011年(14)

2010年(10)

分类: LINUX

2010-11-29 22:04:34

Disabling the TCP options reduces the overhead of each TCP packet and might help to get the last few percent of performance out of the server. Be aware that disabling these options most likely decreases performance for high-latency and lossy links.
* net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
* net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0

Increasing the TCP send and receive buffers will increase the performance a lot if (and only if) you have a lot of large files to send.

* net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65536 524288
* net.core.wmem_max = 1048576

If you have a lot of large file uploads, increasing the receive buffers will help.

* net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 524288
* net.core.rmem_max = 1048576

# These ensure that TIME_WAIT ports either get reused or closed fast.
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
# TCP memory
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.rmem_default = 16777216
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
net.core.somaxconn = 262144

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2

# you shouldn’t be using conntrack on a heavily loaded server anyway, but these are
# suitably high for our uses, insuring that if conntrack gets turned on, the box doesn’t die
net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max = 1048576
net.nf_conntrack_max = 1048576

# increase Linux TCP buffer limits
echo 8388608 > /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_max
echo 8388608 > /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_max

# increase Linux autotuning TCP buffer limits
echo "4096 87380 8388608" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_rmem
echo "4096 65536 8388608" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_wmem

#echo 65536 > /proc/sys/fs/file-max # physical RAM * 256/4

echo "1024 65000" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range

#echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies
echo 8192 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_max_syn_backlog
# Decrease the time default value for tcp_fin_timeout connection
#echo 30 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_fin_timeout
#echo 3 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syn_retries
#echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_retries1
# Decrease the time default value for tcp_keepalive_time connection
#echo 1800 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_keepalive_time
# Turn off tcp_window_scaling
echo 0 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_window_scaling
#echo "67108864" > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
# Turn off the tcp_sack
echo 0 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_sack # This disables RFC2018 TCP Selective Acknowledgements
#Turn off tcp_timestamps
echo 0 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_timestamps # This disables RFC1323 TCP timestamps
echo 5 > /proc/sys/kernel/panic # reboot 5 minutes later then kernel panic

the third:
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 16777216
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65536 16777216

Lot of tuning

# Disables packet forwarding
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
# Enables source route verification
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
# Disables the magic-sysrq key
kernel.sysrq = 0
# Decrease the time default value for tcp_fin_timeout connection
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 25
# Decrease the time default value for tcp_keepalive_time connection
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 3600
# Turn on the tcp_window_scaling
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
# Turn on the tcp_sack
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
# tcp_fack should be on because of sack
net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1
# Turn on the tcp_timestamps
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 1
# Enable TCP SYN Cookie Protection
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
# Enable ignoring broadcasts request
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1
# Disable ICMP Redirect Acceptance
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
# Enable bad error message Protection
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1
# Don’t Log Spoofed Packets, Source Routed Packets, Redirect Packets
net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 0
# Make more local ports available
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
# Increase maximum amount of memory allocated to shm
kernel.shmmax = 1073741824
# Improve file system performance
vm.bdflush = 100 1200 128 512 15 5000 500 1884 2
# This will increase the amount of memory available for socket input/output queues
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 25165824 25165824
net.core.rmem_max = 25165824
net.core.rmem_default = 25165824
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65536 25165824
net.core.wmem_max = 25165824
net.core.wmem_default = 65536
net.core.optmem_max = 25165824

# If you are feeling daring, you can also use these settings below, otherwise just remove them. (Should increase performance)

net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 2500
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 25165824 25165824
net.core.rmem_max = 25165824
net.core.rmem_default = 25165824
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 65536 25165824
net.core.wmem_max = 25165824
net.core.wmem_default = 65536

# Disables packet forwarding
net.ipv4.ip_forward=0

# Disables IP source routing
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

# Enable IP spoofing protection, turn on source route verification
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1

# Disable ICMP Redirect Acceptance
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0

# Enable Log Spoofed Packets, Source Routed Packets, Redirect Packets
net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.log_martians = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.log_martians = 0

# Disables IP source routing
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0

# Enable IP spoofing protection, turn on source route verification
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.lo.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1

# Disable ICMP Redirect Acceptance
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.lo.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.eth0.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0

# Disables the magic-sysrq key
kernel.sysrq = 0

# Decrease the time default value for tcp_fin_timeout connection
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 15

# Decrease the time default value for tcp_keepalive_time connection
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1800

# Turn off the tcp_window_scaling
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 0

# Turn off the tcp_sack
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0

# Turn off the tcp_timestamps
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0

# Enable TCP SYN Cookie Protection
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

# Enable ignoring broadcasts request
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1

# Enable bad error message Protection
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1

# Log Spoofed Packets, Source Routed Packets, Redirect Packets
net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 1

# Increases the size of the socket queue (effectively, q0).
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 1024

# Increase the tcp-time-wait buckets pool size
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 1440000

# Allowed local port range
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 16384 65536

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