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分类: LINUX

2012-03-07 11:17:49

下载CENTOS 6.2 minimal版本安装系统,
然后用ifconfig eth0 192.168.0.1/24给网卡配置ip地址,再用route add default gw 192.168.0.254命令
配置默认网关。  或者编辑/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE="eth0"
HWADDR="00:02:A5:43:96:AF"
NM_CONTROLLED="yes"
ONBOOT="yes"
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.0.1
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
GATEWAY=192.168.0.254


然后重启网络服务

service network restart

禁用ipv6

修改 /etc/sysctl.conf,添加如下两行:

net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1 net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1运行如下命令
sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1 sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=1



系统安装后已经开启了ssh允许远程root用户登录。
编辑/etc/resolv.conf文件,加入语句
nameserver 8.8.8.8
nameserver 8.8.4.4
配置其dns地址。
然后yum update 更新系统。
然后yum install samba安装samba

开启smb服务:service smb start

用smbpasswd命令添加共享用户,
首先要添加系统用户 useradd 用户名
然后用将系统用户添加到smb用户中 smbpasswd -a 用户名


使用chmod配置要共享的文件夹对用户的权限
chmod a+w 文件夹

修改iptables的設定
1)修改檔案 /etc/sysconfig/iptables

2)找出此行: -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

3)並在該行上方加入:
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m udp -p udp --dport 137 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m udp -p udp --dport 138 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 139 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 445 -j ACCEPT

4) 執行 /etc/init.d/iptables restart
5) 應該就可以連上SAMBA囉

修改smb配置文件/etc/samba/smb.conf
以下是我的配置文件:

/etc/samba/smb.conf
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba,
# read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf
#
# Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the
# Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from:
http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#
#---------------
# SELINUX NOTES:
# If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run:
# setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
#
# If you want to share home directories via samba please run:
# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
#
# If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as
# "samba_share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it.
# Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have
# been marked with othe SELinux labels.
#
# Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has
#
# Set labels only on directories you created!
# To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path
#
# If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the
# following (read-only/read-write):
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on
# or
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
#
# If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please
# put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be
# allowed to run them.
# Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context
# is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts
#
#--------------
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
 
[global]
 
# ----------------------- Network Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
 workgroup = MYGROUP
 server string = Samba Server Version %v
 
; netbios name = MYSERVER
 
; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.
 
# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach
 
 # logs split per machine
 log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
 # max 50KB per log file, then rotate
 max log size = 50
 
# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Scurity can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

 security = user
 passdb backend = tdbsam


# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
#   password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
#   password server = *
 
 
; security = domain
; passdb backend = tdbsam
; realm = MY_REALM

; password server =

# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations.
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
; security = user
; passdb backend = tdbsam
 
; domain master = yes
; domain logons = yes
 
 # the login script name depends on the machine name
; logon script = %m.bat
 # the login script name depends on the unix user used
; logon script = %u.bat
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u
 # disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
; logon path =         
 
; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /n
ohome -s /bin/false "%u"
; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"
 
 
# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; local master = no
; os level = 33
; preferred master = yes
 
#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
#   behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
#   at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.
 
; wins support = yes
; wins server = w.x.y.z
; wins proxy = yes
 
; dns proxy = yes
 
# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option
 
# load printers = no
# cups options = raw

#; printcap name = /etc/printcap
 #obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
#; printcap name = lpstat
#; printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------

# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

; map archive = no
; map hidden = no
; map read only = no
; map system = no
; store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
 
#[homes]
# comment = Home Directories
# browseable = no
# writable = yes
#; valid users = %S
#; valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S
 
#[printers]
# comment = All Printers
# path = /var/spool/samba
# browseable = no
# guest ok = no
# writable = no
# printable = yes

[共享1]
       comment = OMD soft and tools
       path = /data/OMD
       public = yes
       browseable = yes
       writable = yes
       write list = yw
       read list = a
       short preserve case = yes
       user = yw a
       valid users = yw,a
       directory mask = 0777
       create mask = 0777
       deny hosts = 172.23.2. ,172.23.30.
       available = yes
       guest ok = yes

 

[共享2]
       comment = Person file
       path = /data/Person
       browseable = yes
       writable =yes
       short preserve case = yes


[共享3]
       comment = GIE use
       path = /data/GIE
       browseable = yes
       writable = yes
       short preserve case = yes

 


# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no
 
 
# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
; [Profiles]
; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes
 
 
# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
; [public]
; comment = Public Stuff
; path = /home/samba
; public = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = +staff

# OPD share dir
;      [OPD]
;      comment = OPD soft and tools
;      path = /data/OPD
;      public = yes
;      writable = yes
;      write list = yw
;      read list = a
;      short preserve case = yes

能读不能写的问题解决方法:
setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
然后重启系统

 

设置smb服务自动启动
chkconfig --add smb
chkconfig smb on
chkconfig --list #查看服务


访问smb慢的解决方法:

编辑 /etc/resolv.conf

将里面的dns服务器改成内网的dns服务器,或者不配置dns服务器

 

 

阅读(2546) | 评论(4) | 转发(2) |
给主人留下些什么吧!~~

lnwu2012-05-24 09:20:25

redhat,centos做服务器应该是好选择

重返人生2012-03-22 22:31:14

忘忧草555: 桌面用ubuntu比较方便
服务器就用centOS啦,当然,硬件如果不偏,debian系也很帅
个人观点,参考可以.....
恩恩,多谢啦\(^o^)/~

忘忧草5552012-03-11 14:35:32

重返人生: 最好用的Linux版本是哪个啊?.....
桌面用ubuntu比较方便
服务器就用centOS啦,当然,硬件如果不偏,debian系也很帅
个人观点,参考可以

重返人生2012-03-08 23:39:30

最好用的Linux版本是哪个啊?