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2008-06-27 13:40:11

一、环境
Gentoo-2007.0_amd64
 
二、安装:为了简便,我用了系统自带的syslog-ng
 
三、服务器配置:
#cat /etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf
 
#
# configuration file for syslog-ng, customized for remote logging
#
options {
        use_fqdn(yes);
        chain_hostnames(off);
        keep_hostname(off);
        sync(0);
        # The default action of syslog-ng 1.6.0 is to log a STATS line
        # to the file every 10 minutes.  That's pretty ugly after a while.
        # Change it to every 12 hours so you get a nice daily update of
        # how many messages syslog-ng missed (0).
        stats(43200);
        create_dirs(yes);
};
source s_internal { internal(); };
destination d_syslognglog { file("/var/log/syslog-ng.log"); };
log { source(s_internal); destination(d_syslognglog); };
source s_sys { file ("/proc/kmsg" log_prefix("kernel: ")); unix-stream ("/dev/log"); internal(); };
destination d_cons { file("/dev/console"); };
destination d_mesg { file("/var/log/messages"); };
destination d_auth { file("/var/log/secure"); };
destination d_mail { file("/var/log/maillog"); };
destination d_spol { file("/var/log/spooler"); };
destination d_boot { file("/var/log/boot.log"); };
destination d_cron { file("/var/log/cron"); };
destination d_rsync { file("/var/log/rsync"); };
destination d_mlal { usertty("*"); };
filter f_filter1     { facility(kern); };
filter f_filter2     { level(info) and
                     not (facility(mail)
                        or facility(authpriv) or facility(cron)); };
filter f_filter3     { facility(authpriv); };
filter f_filter4     { facility(mail); };
filter f_filter5     { level(emerg); };
filter f_filter6     { facility(uucp) or
                     (facility(news) and level(crit)); };
filter f_filter7     { facility(local7); };
filter f_filter8     { facility(cron); };
filter f_filter9     { facility(daemon); };
filter f_filter10     { facility(local6); };
#log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter1); destination(d_cons); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter2); destination(d_mesg); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter3); destination(d_auth); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter4); destination(d_mail); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter5); destination(d_mlal); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter6); destination(d_spol); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter7); destination(d_boot); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_filter8); destination(d_cron); };
# Remote logging
source s_remote {
        udp(ip(0.0.0.0) port(514));
};

destination r_mesg { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/messages" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_auth { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/secure" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_mail { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/maillog" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_spol { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/spooler" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_boot { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/boot.log" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_cron { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/cron" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_daemon { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/$HOST/daemon" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
destination r_local6 { file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$YEAR/$MONTH/network/messages" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes)); };
#destination d_separatedbyhosts {
#       file("/var/log/syslog-ng/$HOST/messages" owner("root") group("root") perm(0640) dir_perm(0750) create_dirs(yes));
#};
#log { source(s_remote); destination(d_separatedbyhosts); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter2); destination(r_mesg); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter3); destination(r_auth); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter4); destination(r_mail); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter6); destination(r_spol); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter7); destination(r_boot); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter8); destination(r_cron); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter9); destination(r_daemon); };
log { source(s_remote); filter(f_filter10); destination(r_local6); };
 
四、客户端配置
linux使用的syslog守护进程主要有两种,syslog和syslog-ng
1、syslog
#vi /etc/syslog.conf
*.*                                                     @loghost
 
loghost为日志服务器的IP或者主机名,主机明必须能正确解析到日志服务器IP。
然后重新启动syslog服务:
#/etc/init.d/syslog restart
 
2、syslog-ng
在配置文件syslog-ng.conf中加入两行:
destination d_udp { udp("loghost" port(514)); };
log { source(src); destination(d_udp); };
重新启动syslog-ng服务
#/etc/init.d/syslog-ng restart
 
winodws服务器的配置
因为windows服务器不支持日志服务器,因此需要安装一个转换软件:
根据系统的版本下载32位和64位的程序。
解压后是两个文件evtsys.dll和evtsys.exe
把这两个文件拷贝到 c:\windows\system32目录下。
打开Windows命令提示符(开始->运行 输入CMD)
C:\>evtsys –i –h 192.168.10.100   #(日志服务器的IP地址)
-i 表示安装成系统服务
-h 指定log服务器的IP地址
如果要卸载evtsys,则:
net stop evtsys
evtsys -u
启动该服务:
C:\>net start evtsys
 
配置完成:)
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