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分类: C/C++

2008-07-31 13:09:19

/*
UTF-8 valid format list:
0xxxxxxx
110xxxxx 10xxxxxx
1110xxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
11110xxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
111110xx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
1111110x 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx 10xxxxxx
*/

char *filter_none_utf8_chars(char *src, int *len)
{
        unsigned char *p;
        unsigned char *pSub;
        unsigned char *pStrEnd;
        unsigned char *pCharEnd;
        int bytes;
        unsigned char *filtered;
        unsigned char *pDest;
        unsigned char *pInvalidCharStart;

        pStrEnd = (unsigned char *)src + (*len);
        p = (unsigned char *)src;
        pInvalidCharStart = NULL;
        while (p < pStrEnd)
        {
                if (*p < 0x80)
                {
                        p++;
                        continue;
                }

                if ((*p & 0xE0) == 0xC0) //110xxxxx

                {
                        bytes = 1;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xF0) == 0xE0) //1110xxxx

                {
                        bytes = 2;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xF8) == 0xF0) //11110xxx

                {
                        bytes = 3;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xFC) == 0xF8) //111110xx


                {
                        bytes = 4;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xFE) == 0xFC) //1111110x

                {
                        bytes = 5;
                }
                else
                {
                        pInvalidCharStart = p;
                        break;
                }

                p++;
                pCharEnd = p + bytes;
                if (pCharEnd > pStrEnd)
                {
                        pInvalidCharStart = p - 1;
                        break;
                }

                for (; p<pCharEnd; p++)
                {
                        if ((*p & 0xC0) != 0x80)
                        {
                                break;
                        }
                }

                if (p != pCharEnd)
                {
                        pInvalidCharStart = pCharEnd - (bytes + 1);
                        break;
                }
        }

        if (pInvalidCharStart == NULL) //all chars are valid

        {
                return src;
        }


        filtered = (unsigned char *)malloc(sizeof(char) * (*len));
        if (filtered == NULL)
        {
                *len = 0;
                *src = '\0';
                return src;
        }

        pDest = filtered;
        bytes = (char *)pInvalidCharStart - src;
        if (bytes > 0)
        {
                memcpy(pDest, src, bytes);
                pDest += bytes;
        }

        p = pInvalidCharStart + 1; //skip this invalid char

        while (p < pStrEnd)
        {
                if (*p < 0x80)
                {
                        *pDest++ = *p++;
                        continue;
                }

                if ((*p & 0xE0) == 0xC0) //110xxxxx

                {
                        bytes = 1;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xF0) == 0xE0) //1110xxxx

                {
                        bytes = 2;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xF8) == 0xF0) //11110xxx

                {
                        bytes = 3;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xFC) == 0xF8) //111110xx

                {
                        bytes = 4;
                }
                else if ((*p & 0xFE) == 0xFC) //1111110x

                {
                        bytes = 5;
                }

                else //invalid char

                {
                        p++;
                        continue;
                }

                pSub = p + 1;
                pCharEnd = pSub + bytes;
                if (pCharEnd > pStrEnd)
                {
                        p++;
                        continue;
                }

                for (; pSub<pCharEnd; pSub++)
                {
                        if ((*pSub & 0xC0) != 0x80)
                        {
                                break;
                        }
                }

                if (pSub != pCharEnd)
                {
                        p++;
                        continue;
                }

                bytes += 1;
                memcpy(pDest, pSub-bytes, bytes);
                pDest += bytes;
                p += bytes;
        }

        *len = pDest - filtered;
        memcpy(src, filtered, *len);
        * (src + (*len)) = '\0';

        free(filtered);

        return src;
}

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