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分类: Oracle

2009-05-30 17:48:42

Applies to:
Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 10.1.0.2 to 11.1.0.7
This problem can occur on any platform.

Symptoms
On 10.2.0.1 in Production:

-- Suppose that the database instance name is "osmdr"

-- In the database instance

When trying to create a new spfile from a pfile under sqlplus

SQL> create SPFILE='+DATA/osmdr/spfileosmdr.ora' from pfile='/home/oracle/osmdr.init';
File created.


SQL>create SPFILE='+DATA/osmdr/spfileosmdr.ora' from PFILE='/home/oracle/osmdr.init';   File created


Under ASM , the spileosmdr.ora is link to the wrong location under ASM


ASMCMD> ls -alr
Type Redund Striped Time Sys Name
N spfileosmdr.ora =>
+DATA/DB_UNKNOWN/PARAMETERFILE/SPFILE.272.613162051
ASMCMD>

Q. Why it will create +DATA/DB_UNKNOW instead of +DATA/osmdr ?

The same question can be like that

Q. Why does the spfile get created in the directory DB_UNKNOWN?


IT'S EXPECTED BEHAVIOR

Cause
-- Considering the TESTCASE hereunder

The string "DB_UNKNOWN/PARAMETERFILE/SPFILE" is a generic system tag for the proxied spfile creation. This will be used in case the database instance has no open client session to the ASM instance at the time of the 'create spfile' command. That is, the ASM instance is not aware of the db name and therefore uses "DB_UNKNOWN".

Please see the TESTCASE section above that demonstrates two scenarios; [A] where the DB_UNKNOWN
directory structure gets created, and where the spfile is created in the directory //PARAMETERFILE.


Solution
TESTCASE
[A] No open database connection to the ASM instance

-- In the ASM instance


SQL> select * from v$asm_client;

no rows selected

-- In the database instance


SQL> show parameter db_name

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_name string V1020

SQL> select * from v$asm_client;

no rows selected

SQL> create spfile='+DG1' from pfile;

File created.

-- In asmcmd
-- The DB_UNKNOWN directory structure gets created

ASMCMD> pwd
+dg1
ASMCMD> ls
DB_UNKNOWN/
V1020/
ASMCMD> ls DB_UNKNOWN/
PARAMETERFILE/
ASMCMD> ls DB_UNKNOWN/PARAMETERFILE/
SPFILE.259.613339345

-- Remove the parameter file from the ASM diskgroup

ASMCMD> rm DB_UNKNOWN/PARAMETERFILE/SPFILE.259.613339345

-- Now the DB_UNKNOWN directory structure gets automatically removed




-- In the database instance
-- Open a connection to the ASM instance by accessing a datafile in an ASM diskgro
-- In this example, a tablespace with a datafile in an ASM diskgroup is onlined


SQL> alter tablespace ts1 online;

Tablespace altered.

SQL> select * from v$asm_client;

GROUP_NUMBER INSTANCE_NAM DB_NAME STATUS SOFTWARE
------------ ------------ -------- ------------ -
1 +ASM V1020 CONNECTED 10.2.0.3.0 10.2.0.0.0

-- In the ASM instance

SQL> select * from v$asm_client;

GROUP_NUMBER INSTANCE_NAM DB_NAME STATUS SOFTW
------------ ------------ -------- -----------
1 V1020 V1020 CONNECTED 10.2.0.3.0 10.2.0.1.0

-- In the database instance

SQL> create spfile='+DG1' from pfile;

File created.

-- In asmcmd

ASMCMD> pwd
+dg1
ASMCMD> ls
V1020/
ASMCMD> ls V1020/
DATAFILE/
PARAMETERFILE/
ASMCMD> ls V1020/PARAMETERFILE/
spfile.259.613339813

-- Result:
- The spfile is located in the directory //PARAMETERFILE
- No DB_UNKNOWN directory structure got created

 

文章来源于metalink。


 
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