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2009-09-17 17:53:03

1,iostat
the iostat command reports I/O statistics for each active disk on the system
# iostat -t x y
x表示间隔的时间,y表示间隔显示的次数
这个命令一般用于查看的参数是bps、sps、msps,一般来说msps的值都是1.0

2,ps
the ps command displays information about selected processes running on the system

3,sar
the sar command collects and reports on many different system activities,including

CPU,buffer cache,disk,and others
# sar -u 5 4
HP-UX d270_1 B.10.20 E 9000/861    11/15/05
10:22:46    %usr    %sys    %wio   %idle
10:22:51       0       0       0     100
10:22:56       0       0       0     100
10:23:01       0       0       0     100
10:23:06       0       0       0     100
Average        0       0       0     100
# sar -d 5 4
HP-UX d270_1 B.10.20 E 9000/861    11/15/05
10:23:13   device   %busy   avque   r+w/s  blks/s  avwait  avserv
10:23:17
10:23:21   c2t6d0    0.50    0.50       0       8    1.11   18.47
10:23:25
10:23:29
Average    c2t6d0    0.12    0.50       0       2    1.11   18.47

4,time,timex
the time and timex commands report the elapsed time,the time spent in system mode,and the time spent in user mode, for a specific invocation of a process

5,top
the top command displays a real-time list of the top CPU consumers on the system
# top -s 10:间隔十秒显示top信息

6,uptime
the uptime command shows how long a system has been up,and who is logged in and what they are doing
# uptime
10:30am  up 14 days, 22:46,  1 user,  load average: 3.11, 3.10, 3.09
# uptime -w
10:32am  up 14 days, 22:48,  1 user,  load average: 3.10, 3.10, 3.09
User     tty           login@  idle   JCPU   PCPU  what
root     ttyp1         9:32am                      uptime -w

7,vmstat
the vmstat command reports virtual memory statistics about processes, virtual memory, and CPU activity
# vmstat -n 5 2
VM
       memory                     page                          faults
     avm    free   re   at    pi   po    fr   de    sr     in     sy    cs 
    2375    3128    1    0     0    0     0    0     0    161     38    33
CPU
    cpu          procs
 us sy id    r     b     w
  0  1 99    0     3     0
    1528    3094    0    0     0    0     0    0     0    142     40    32
  0  0 100    0     3     0

8,glance和gpm只支持版本11.0

9,MeasureWare和PerfView工具只支持版本10.x和11.x

10,netstat
the netstat command displays general networking statistics
# netstat -rn
Routing tables
Destination     Gateway         Flags   Refs     Use  Interface  Pmtu PmtuTime
127.0.0.1       127.0.0.1       UH         0     350  lo0        4608
172.16.10.224   127.0.0.1       UH         1  291489  lo0        4608
192.168.1.1     127.0.0.1       UH         0     616  lo0        4608
default         172.16.10.254   UG         0    8190  lan0       1500
172.16.10.0     172.16.10.224   U          1  159593  lan0       1500
192.168.1       192.168.1.1     U          0       0  btlan02    1500

11,nfsstat
the nfsstat command displays network file system statistics
# nfsstat
Server rpc:
calls      badcalls   nullrecv   badlen     xdrcall    nfsdrun
0          0          0          0          0          0         

Server nfs:
calls      badcalls
0          0         
null       getattr    setattr    root       lookup     readlink   read      
0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%      
wrcache    write      create     remove     rename     link       symlink   
0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%      
mkdir      rmdir      readdir    statfs    
0 0%       0 0%       0 0%       0 0%      

Client rpc:
calls      badcalls   retrans    badxid     timeout    wait       newcred
7          0          0          0          0          0          0         

Client nfs:
calls      badcalls   nclget     nclsleep
7          0          7          0         
null       getattr    setattr    root       lookup     readlink   read      
0  0%      3 42%      0  0%      0  0%      2 28%      0  0%      0  0%     
wrcache    write      create     remove     rename     link       symlink   
0  0%      0  0%      0  0%      0  0%      0  0%      0  0%      0  0%     
mkdir      rmdir      readdir    statfs    
0  0%      0  0%      1 14%      1 14%     

12,ping
the ping command sends an ICMP echo packet to a host, and times how long it takes for the echo packet to return

13,lanscan
the lanscan command displays the LAN card configuration and status
# lanscan
Hardware Station        Crd Hardware Net-Interface   NM  MAC        HP DLPI Mjr
Path     Address        In# State    NameUnit State  ID  Type       Support Num
8/16/6   0x08000955A23A 0   UP       lan0     UP     4   ETHER      Yes     52
8/20/5/1 0x0060B05838EF 1   UP       btlan01  DOWN   5   ETHER      Yes     77
8/20/5/2 0x0060B0580412 2   UP       btlan02  UP     6   ETHER      Yes     77

14,lanadmin
the lanadmin command tests, displays statistics for, and allows modifications to LAN cards on the HP-UX system
# lanadmin
LOCAL AREA NETWORK ONLINE ADMINISTRATION, Version 1.0
                       Tue , Nov 15,2005  11:02:51

               Copyright 1994 Hewlett Packard Company.
                       All rights are reserved.

Test Selection mode.

        lan      = LAN Interface Administration
        menu     = Display this menu
        quit     = Terminate the Administration
        terse    = Do not display command menu
        verbose  = Display command menu

15,ndd
the ndd command allows the examination and modification of several tunable parameters that affect networking operation and behavior
to list the contents of the "arp cache"
# ndd -get /dev/arp arp_cache_report
to set the value of the default TTL parameter for UDP to 128:
# ndd -set /dev/udp udp_def_ttl 128

16,nettune
the nettune command allows modifications to be made to network parameters, which in previous releases were not modifiable, this command was not included with the HP-UX 11.0 release
to get the value of the tcp_send object:
# nettune tcp_send
32768

17,NetMetrix
the NetMetrix product makes use of LAN probes to collect network traffic information

18,ipcs
the ipcs command displays information about active interprocess communication facilities.with no options, ipcs displays information in short format about message queues,shared memory segments, and semaphores that are currently active in the system
# ipcs
IPC status from /dev/kmem as of Tue Nov 15 11:18:28 2005
T      ID     KEY        MODE        OWNER     GROUP
Message Queues:
q       0 0x3c1c033e -Rrw--w--w-      root      root
q       1 0x3e1c033e --rw-r--r--      root      root
Shared Memory:
m       0 0x2f100002 --rw-------      root       sys
m       1 0x411c0329 --rw-rw-rw-      root      root
m       2 0x4e0c0002 --rw-rw-rw-      root      root
m       3 0x41200cd9 --rw-rw-rw-      root      root
Semaphores:
s       0 0x2f100002 --ra-ra-ra-      root       sys
s       1 0x411c0329 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       2 0x4e0c0002 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root

19,ipcrm
the ipcrm command removes one or more specified message-queue, semaphore-set, or shared-

memory identifiers
# ipcs -s
T      ID     KEY        MODE        OWNER     GROUP
Semaphores:
s       0 0x2f100002 --ra-ra-ra-      root       sys
s       1 0x411c0329 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       2 0x4e0c0002 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       3 0x41200cda --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       4 0x00446f6e --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       5 0x00446f6d --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       6 0x01090522 --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       7 0x411c1e56 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       8 0x6120d49b --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
# ipcrm -s 7
# ipcs -s
T      ID     KEY        MODE        OWNER     GROUP
Semaphores:
s       0 0x2f100002 --ra-ra-ra-      root       sys
s       1 0x411c0329 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       2 0x4e0c0002 --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       3 0x41200cda --ra-ra-ra-      root      root
s       4 0x00446f6e --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       5 0x00446f6d --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       6 0x01090522 --ra-r--r--      root      root
s       8 0x6120d49b --ra-ra-ra-      root      root

20,nice
the nice command executes command at a nondefault CPU scheduling priority
# ps -l
  F S        UID   PID  PPID  C PRI NI     ADDR   SZ    WCHAN TTY       TIME COM
D
  1 R          0 29218 29217  0 178 20  19d8d00  101        - ttyp1     0:00 sh
  1 S          0 29217 29136  0 158 20  18ae980    7  1097280 ttyp1     0:00 tim
ex
  1 S          0 29136 29135  0 158 20  19e1e80   83  109b180 ttyp1     0:00 sh
  1 S          0 29135   656  0 154 20  1942800   19   417400 ttyp1     0:00 tel
netd
  1 R          0 29313 29218  2 178 20  18e2400   21        - ttyp1     0:00 ps
# nice sh
# ps -l
  F S        UID   PID  PPID  C PRI NI     ADDR   SZ    WCHAN TTY       TIME COM
D
  1 S          0 29218 29217  0 158 20  19d8d00  101  1097040 ttyp1     0:00 sh
  1 S          0 29217 29136  0 158 20  18ae980    7  1097280 ttyp1     0:00 tim
ex
  1 R          0 29315 29314  2 202 30  1898c80   21        - ttyp1     0:00 ps
  1 S          0 29136 29135  0 158 20  19e1e80   83  109b180 ttyp1     0:00 sh
  1 S          0 29135   656  0 154 20  1942800   19   417400 ttyp1     0:00 tel
netd
  1 S          0 29314 29218 19 158 30  19d4700  101  109c5c0 ttyp1     0:00 sh

21,renice
the renice command alters the priority of a running process

22,getprivgrp
the getprivgrp command lists the access privileges of privileged groups
# getprivgrp
global privileges: CHOWN

23,setprivgrp
the setprivgrp command sets the access privileges of privileged groups.if a group_name is supplied, access privileges are listed for that group only.the superuser is a memeber of all groups
Access privileges include RTPRIO, RTSCHED, MLOCK, CHOWN, LOCKRDONLY, SETRUGID, SERIALIZE

24,rtprio:set real time process priority
   rtsched:set POSIX real time process priority
   scsictl:set parameters on SCSI devices
   serialize:mark a program to run serially
   fsadm:online JFS management tool
   getext:display JFS extent attributes
   setext:sets/changes JFS extent attributes
   newfs:create a file system
   tunefs:change a file system's attributes
   PRM:process resource manager
   WebQoS:web quality of service


25,bdf:local and remote mounted file system space
   df:mounted file systems
   mount:local and remote file system mounts

26,diskinfo:size and model of local disk drives
   dmesg:I/O tree and memory details
   ioscan:I/O tree and addressing
   vgdisplay:local volume group contents/attributes
   pvdisplay:local physical volume contents/attributes
   lvdisplay:local logical volume contents/attributes
   swapinfo:swap space utilization
   sysdef:sizes and values of kernel tables and parms
   kmtune:Query,set, or reset system parameters

27:prof:application profiler
   gprof:enhanced application profiler
   arm:define and measure response time of transactions for an application

28,puma:program utilization and measurement analysis
   ttd:tracks how much time is spent between specific lines of code in a program
   cxperf:cxperf is an interactive runtime performance analyzer for programs compied with
   C,C++ and Fortran 90 compilers

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