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分类: WINDOWS

2008-12-07 00:35:13

八、WMI的应用

这一节将主要分类举出WMI应用的例子,不过暂时不会涉及WMI事件。

No.1.计算机硬件

1.查看可用的物理内存

你可以使用Win32_OperatingSystem类和FreePhysicalMemory属性.

$strComputer = "."

$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")

$colSettings = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")

For $objOperatingSystem in $colSettings
ConsoleWrite( "可用物理内存: " & _
$objOperatingSystem.FreePhysicalMemory )
Next

2.判断计算机是否有DVD驱动器

使用Win32_CDROMDrive类下的Name或者DeviceID属性

$strComputer = "."

$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")

$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_CDROMDrive")

For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Device ID: " & $objItem.DeviceID &@CRLF _
& "Description: " & $objItem.Description &@CRLF _
& "Name: " & $objItem.Name &@CRLF &@CRLF)
Next

3.检查系统信息处理器数目

使用Win32_ComputerSystem类下的NumberOfProcessors属性.

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colSettings = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_ComputerSystem")
For $objComputer in $colSettings
ConsoleWrite( "System Name: " & $objComputer.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Number of Processors: " & _
$objComputer.NumberOfProcessors )
Next

4.检查PCMCIA接口数量

使用Win32_PCMCIAController类下的 Count 属性

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_PCMCIAController")

ConsoleWrite( "Number of PCMCIA slots: " _
& $colItems.Count)

5.列出没有工作的硬件

你可以使用 Win32_PnPEntity 类, 然后通过使用WQL 查询 WHERE ConfigManagerErrorCode <> 0 来判断

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_PnPEntity " _
& "WHERE ConfigManagerErrorCode <> 0")

For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Class GUID: " & $objItem.ClassGuid & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Description: " & $objItem.Description & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Device ID: " & $objItem.DeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Manufacturer: " & $objItem.Manufacturer & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Name: " & $objItem.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "PNP Device ID: " & $objItem.PNPDeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Service: " & $objItem.Service & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

6.列出所有鼠标的信息

使用 Win32_PointingDevice 类,这样会列出所有指针设备,而不仅仅是鼠标

.$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet( _
"winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery( _
"Select * from Win32_PointingDevice")
For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Description: " & $objItem.Description & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Device ID: " & $objItem.DeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Device Interface: " _
& $objItem.DeviceInterface & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Double Speed Threshold: " _
& $objItem.DoubleSpeedThreshold & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Handedness: " & $objItem.Handedness & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Hardware Type: " & $objItem.HardwareType & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "INF File Name: " & $objItem.InfFileName & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "INF Section: " & $objItem.InfSection & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Manufacturer: " & $objItem.Manufacturer & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Name: " & $objItem.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Number Of Buttons: " _
& $objItem.NumberOfButtons & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "PNP Device ID: " & $objItem.PNPDeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Pointing Type: " & $objItem.PointingType & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Quad Speed Threshold: " _
& $objItem.QuadSpeedThreshold & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Resolution: " & $objItem.Resolution & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Sample Rate: " & $objItem.SampleRate & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Synch: " & $objItem.Synch & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

7.判断计算机是台式机还是笔记本

使用 Win32_SystemEnclosure 类下的 ChassisType 属性

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colChassis = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_SystemEnclosure")
For $objChassis in $colChassis
For $objItem in $objChassis.ChassisTypes
ConsoleWrite( "Chassis Type: " & $objItem & @CRLF )
Next
Next

8.检查USB接口里插入的是什么设备

使用 Win32_USBHub 类并检查 Description 属性

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery( _
"Select * from Win32_USBHub")
For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Device ID: " & $objItem.DeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "PNP Device ID: " _
& $objItem.PNPDeviceID & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Description: " _
& $objItem.Description & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

9.检查系统有多少Tape设备

使用 Win32_TapeDrive 类然后使用 Count 途径

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery( _
"Select * from Win32_TapeDrive")
ConsoleWrite( "Number of tape drives: " _
& $colItems.Count & @CRLF )

No.2.计算机软件

1.卸载软件

如果软件是使用Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) 安装的话,使用 Win32_Product 类和 Uninstall 途径

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colSoftware = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_Product " _
& "Where Name = 'Personnel database'")
For $objSoftware in $colSoftware
$objSoftware.Uninstall()
Next

2.列出全部的已安装的软件

如果软件是使用Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) 安装的话,使用 Win32_Product

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colSoftware = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_Product")

For $objSoftware in $colSoftware
ConsoleWrite( "Name: " & $objSoftware.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Version: " & $objSoftware.Version & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

3.检查用户安装的Microsoft Office的版本

使用 Win32_Product 类下的 Version 属性

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colSoftware = $objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_Product " & _
"Where IdentifyingNumber =" _
& " '{90280409-6000-11D3-8CFE-0050048383C9}'")
For $objItem in $colSoftware
ConsoleWrite( "Name: " & $objItem.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Version: " & $objItem.Version & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

No.3.桌面管理

1.判断系统是否启动在安全模式的网络状态下下

使用 Win32_ComputerSystem 类并检查 PrimaryOwnerName 属性.

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colSettings = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_ComputerSystem")
For $objComputer in $colSettings
ConsoleWrite( "System Name: " _
& $objComputer.Name & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Registered owner: " _
& $objComputer.PrimaryOwnerName & @CRLF )
Next

2.检查屏幕保护是否需要密码

使用 Win32_Desktop 类并检查 ScreenSaverSecure 属性.

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_Desktop")
For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Screen Saver Secure: " _
& $objItem.ScreenSaverSecure & @CRLF )
Next

3.获取屏幕分辨率

使用 Win32_DesktopMonitor 类并检查 ScreenHeightScreenWidth 属性.

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:\\" & $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colItems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery( "Select * from Win32_DesktopMonitor")
For $objItem in $colItems
ConsoleWrite( "Screen Height: " _
& $objItem.ScreenHeight & @CRLF )
ConsoleWrite( "Screen Width: " _
& $objItem.ScreenWidth & @CRLF )
Next

4.获取系统开机的时间

使用 Win32_OperatingSystem 类的 LastBootUpTime 属性.

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colOperatingSystems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")

For $objOS in $colOperatingSystems
ConsoleWrite( $objOS.LastBootUpTime)
Next

.5.重启或关闭远程计算机

使用 Win32_OperatingSystem 类以及 Win32Shutdown 途径

$strComputer = "atl-dc-01"
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate,(Shutdown)}!\\" & _
$strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colOperatingSystems = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")
For $objOperatingSystem in $colOperatingSystems
$ObjOperatingSystem.Shutdown(1)
Next

6.检查开机自启动项

使用 Win32_StartupCommand

$strComputer = "."
$objWMIService = ObjGet("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" _
& $strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
$colStartupCommands = $objWMIService.ExecQuery _
("Select * from Win32_StartupCommand")
For $objStartupCommand in $colStartupCommands
ConsoleWrite( "Command: " & $objStartupCommand.Command & @CRLF _
& "Description: " & $objStartupCommand.Description & @CRLF _
& "Location: " & $objStartupCommand.Location & @CRLF _
& "Name: " & $objStartupCommand.Name & @CRLF _
& "SettingID: " & $objStartupCommand.SettingID & @CRLF _
& "User: " & $objStartupCommand.User & @CRLF & @CRLF )
Next

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