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分类: NOSQL

2015-11-04 14:34:31


机器角色分配和拓扑环境如下:




-------------------配置副本集s1-------------------------------
1.创建目录
在s1h1上创建如下目录
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/conf
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/data
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/log

在在s1h2上创建如下目录
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/conf
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/data
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s1/log


2.创建配置文件
在s1h1和s1h2上创建s1.cnf,文件保存在conf目录下
port = 27017
fork = true
dbpath = /db/s1/data
logpath = /db/s1/log/logs
logappend = true
shardsvr = true
replSet = s1


3.安装mongodb
在在s1h1和s1h2上做同样的操作
[root@node3 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node3 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/s1/mongodb


4.启动各节点
在每个节点上做同样的操作
[root@node3 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s1/conf/s1.cnf
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s1/conf/s1.cnf


5.初始化副本集
登陆副本集中的其中一台机器,执行如下操,我这里登陆是的s1h1
[root@node3 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.103:27017
> use admin
>config={_id:"s1", members:[{_id:0,host:"192.168.56.103:27017"},{_id:1,host:"192.168.56.104:27017"}]}
>rs.initiate(config);

退出重新登陆可以看到该机器为主节点
[root@node3 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.103:27017
MongoDB shell version: 2.6.5
connecting to: 192.168.56.103:27017/test
s1:PRIMARY>


登陆另一台机器s1h2可以看到,该机器为该副本集的从节点
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.104:27017
MongoDB shell version: 2.6.5
connecting to: 192.168.56.104:27017/test
s1:SECONDARY>

到这里副本集s1配置完成


-------------------配置副本集s2-------------------------------
1.创建目录
在s2h1上创建如下目录
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/conf
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/data
[root@node3 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/log

在在s2h2上创建如下目录
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/conf
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/data
[root@node4 db]# mkdir -p /db/s2/log


2.创建配置文件
在s2h1和s2h2上创建s2.cnf,文件保存在conf目录下
port = 27018
fork = true
dbpath = /db/s2/data
logpath = /db/s2/log/logs
logappend = true
shardsvr = true
replSet = s2


3.安装mongodb
在在s2h1和s2h2上做同样的操作
[root@node3 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node3 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/s2/mongodb


4.启动各节点
在每个节点上做同样的操作
[root@node3 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s2/conf/s2.cnf
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s2/conf/s2.cnf


5.初始化副本集
登陆副本集中的其中一台机器,执行如下操,我这里登陆是的s2h1

[root@node3 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.103:27018
> use admin
>config={_id:"s2", members:[{_id:0,host:"192.168.56.103:27018"},{_id:1,host:"192.168.56.104:27018"}]}
>rs.initiate(config);


登陆s2h1可以看到,该节点为主节点
[root@node3 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.103:27018
MongoDB shell version: 2.6.5
connecting to: 192.168.56.103:27018/test
s2:PRIMARY>


登陆s2h2可以看到,该节点为副节点
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongo 192.168.56.104:27018
MongoDB shell version: 2.6.5
connecting to: 192.168.56.104:27018/test
s2:SECONDARY>

到这里副本集s2配置完成


-------------------部署配置服务器01-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/config_server01/data
mkdir -p /db/config_server01/log
mkdir -p /db/config_server01/conf

2.安装mongodb
[root@node1 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node1 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/config_server01/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为config_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27017
fork = true
dbpath = /db/config_server01/data
logpath = /db/config_server01/log/logs
logappend = true
configsvr = true
directoryperdb = true

4.启动
#./mongod -f /db/config_server01/conf/config_server.cnf


-------------------部署配置服务器02-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/config_server02/data
mkdir -p /db/config_server02/log
mkdir -p /db/config_server02/conf

2.安装mongodb
[root@node1 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node1 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/config_server02/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为config_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27018
fork = true
dbpath = /db/config_server02/data
logpath = /db/config_server02/log/logs
logappend = true
configsvr = true
directoryperdb = true

4.启动
#./mongod -f /db/config_server02/conf/config_server.cnf


-------------------部署配置服务器03-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/config_server03/data
mkdir -p /db/config_server03/log
mkdir -p /db/config_server03/conf

2.安装mongodb
[root@node1 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node1 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/config_server03/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为config_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27019
fork = true
dbpath = /db/config_server03/data
logpath = /db/config_server03/log/logs
logappend = true
configsvr = true
directoryperdb = true

4.启动
#./mongod -f /db/config_server03/conf/config_server.cnf



-------------------部署路由服务器01-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/route_server01/data
mkdir -p /db/route_server01/log
mkdir -p /db/route_server01/conf



2.安装mongodb
[root@node2 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node2 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/route_server01/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为route_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27017
configdb=192.168.56.101:27017,192.168.56.101:27018,192.168.56.101:27019
logpath = /db/route_server01/log/logs
fork = true


4.启动
[root@node2 bin]# ./mongos -f /db/route_server01/conf/route_server.cnf


5.添加分片服务器
./mongo
mongos>use admin
mongos>db.runCommand({"addshard":"s1/192.168.56.103:27017,192.168.56.104:27017",allowLocal:true})
mongos>db.runCommand({"addshard":"s2/192.168.56.103:27018,192.168.56.104:27018",allowLocal:true})

6.查看分片情况
mongos> db.runCommand({listshards:1});db.runCommand({listshards:1});
{
        "shards" : [
                {
                        "_id" : "s1",
                        "host" : "s1/192.168.56.103:27017,192.168.56.104:27017"
                },
                {
                        "_id" : "s2",
                        "host" : "s2/192.168.56.103:27018,192.168.56.104:27018"
                }
        ],
        "ok" : 1
}


步骤5和步骤6只需要在第一台路由服务器上执行即可.


-------------------部署路由服务器02-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/route_server02/data
mkdir -p /db/route_server02/log
mkdir -p /db/route_server02/conf



2.安装mongodb
[root@node2 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node2 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/route_server02/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为route_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27018
configdb=192.168.56.101:27017,192.168.56.101:27018,192.168.56.101:27019
logpath = /db/route_server02/log/logs
fork = true


4.启动
[root@node2 bin]# ./mongos -f /db/route_server02/conf/route_server.cnf



-------------------部署路由服务器03-------------------------------
1.创建目录
mkdir -p /db/route_server03/data
mkdir -p /db/route_server03/log
mkdir -p /db/route_server03/conf



2.安装mongodb
[root@node2 soft]# tar -xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5.tgz
[root@node2 soft]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-2.6.5 /db/route_server03/mongodb


3.创建配置文件
配置参数文件为route_server.cnf,内容如下:
port = 27019
configdb=192.168.56.101:27017,192.168.56.101:27018,192.168.56.101:27019
logpath = /db/route_server03/log/logs
fork = true


4.启动
[root@node2 bin]# ./mongos -f /db/route_server03/conf/route_server.cnf



----------测试--------------------------
1.在路由服务器上执行


 数据库hxl启用分片功能
mongos>db.runCommand({"enablesharding":"hxl"});


2.为集合person设置片键,这里使用id做hash分片
mongos>use admin
mongos>db.runCommand({"shardcollection":"hxl.person","key":{"_id":"hashed"}})
{ "collectionsharded" : "hxl.person", "ok" : 1 }


3.写入数据
mongos>use hxl
mongos>for (var i=0;i<100000;i++){db.person.insert({"name":"hxl"+i,"age":i})}
mongos> db.person.count();

4.查看数据分布情况
mongos> db.person.stats()
{
        "sharded" : true,
        "systemFlags" : 1,
        "userFlags" : 1,
        "ns" : "hxl.person",
        "count" : 100000,
        "numExtents" : 12,
        "size" : 11200000,
        "storageSize" : 22364160,
        "totalIndexSize" : 7636384,
        "indexSizes" : {
                "_id_" : 3254048,
                "_id_hashed" : 4382336
        },
        "avgObjSize" : 112,
        "nindexes" : 2,
        "nchunks" : 4,
        "shards" : {
                "s1" : {
                        "ns" : "hxl.person",
                        "count" : 49981,
                        "size" : 5597872,
                        "avgObjSize" : 112,
                        "storageSize" : 11182080,
                        "numExtents" : 6,
                        "nindexes" : 2,
                        "lastExtentSize" : 8388608,
                        "paddingFactor" : 1,
                        "systemFlags" : 1,
                        "userFlags" : 1,
                        "totalIndexSize" : 3826368,
                        "indexSizes" : {
                                "_id_" : 1627024,
                                "_id_hashed" : 2199344
                        },
                        "ok" : 1
                },
                "s2" : {
                        "ns" : "hxl.person",
                        "count" : 50019,
                        "size" : 5602128,
                        "avgObjSize" : 112,
                        "storageSize" : 11182080,
                        "numExtents" : 6,
                        "nindexes" : 2,
                        "lastExtentSize" : 8388608,
                        "paddingFactor" : 1,
                        "systemFlags" : 1,
                        "userFlags" : 1,
                        "totalIndexSize" : 3810016,
                        "indexSizes" : {
                                "_id_" : 1627024,
                                "_id_hashed" : 2182992
                        },
                        "ok" : 1
                }
        },
        "ok" : 1
}
mongos>

可以看到刚才写入的10万条记录已经进行了分片,其中s1分配了49981,s2分配了50019.


集群启动顺序:

1.启动副本集s1
192.168.56.103:27017
192.168.56.104:27017

[root@node3 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s1/conf/s1.cnf
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s1/conf/s1.cnf


2.启动副本集s2
192.168.56.103:27018
192.168.56.104:27018

[root@node3 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s2/conf/s2.cnf
[root@node4 bin]# ./mongod -f /db/s2/conf/s2.cnf


3.启动配置服务器
192.168.56.101
启动
#./mongod -f /db/config_server/conf/config_server.cnf


4.启动路由服务器
192.168.56.102
启动
[root@node2 bin]# ./mongos -f /db/route_server/conf/route_server.cnf


问题

1.从副本集默认是不可读取的,需要设置进行可读取.

s1:SECONDARY> show tables
2016-03-21T16:21:57.258+0800 error: { "$err" : "not master and slaveOk=false", "code" : 13435 } at src/mongo/shell/query.js:131
s1:SECONDARY> db.getMongo().setSlaveOk();

2.遇到配置服务器不同步的情况下,需要将之前的配置服务器的config文件拷贝到其他配置服务器的相应路径
2016-03-29T16:36:09.927+0800 [mongosMain] ERROR: could not verify that config servers are in sync :: caused by :: config servers 192
.168.56.101:27017 and 192.168.56.101:27018 differ: { chunks: "458d90243d2642fcdadcbd6ea0dea87a", collections: "7afff57cb1d2cdca4eaed
f6c462c96cd", databases: "8659f3bdedc73744e099a248f94854c0", shards: "6be1adb78a41e5ab733bd10119b0ce1d", version: "bf167dc1df1dac1f

3.配置服务器必须是1个或是3个,或基数个,否则路由服务器无法启动.

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