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2012-11-29 09:51:21

一、修改客户端服务器hosts记录

192.168.1.240 rac01
192.168.1.241 rac02
192.168.1.242 rac01-vip
192.168.1.243 rac02-vip
108.88.3.240 rac01-priv
108.88.3.241 rac02-priv

二、新建一条Tnsname 纪录
编辑客户端:tnsnames.ora 文件,增加如下:

RACDB =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac02-vip)(PORT = 1521))
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac01-vip)(PORT = 1521))
    (LOAD_BALANCE = yes)
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = racdb)
       (FAILOVER_MODE=
         (TYPE = session)
         (METHOD = basic)
         (RETRIES = 180)
         (DELAY = 5) 
            )
    )
  )

三、测试RAC Failover
 1、RAC状态
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ crs_stat -t
Name           Type           Target    State     Host        
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....SM1.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora....01.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01                   
ora.rac01.gsd  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora.rac01.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora.rac01.vip  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02       
ora....02.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02                 
ora.rac02.gsd  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02       
ora.rac02.ons  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02       
ora.rac02.vip  application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02       
ora.racdb.db   application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora....b1.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01       
ora....b2.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02       
[oracle@rac01 ~]$ 

2、客户端连接测试

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus /nolog

SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Jul 16 21:59:20 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

SQL> conn system/oracle@racdb
Connected.
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------------------
racdb1

SQL> 


3、关闭节点racdb1实例

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus '/ as sysdba';
SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Jul 16 22:00:17 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

SQL> shutdown abort
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> 

4、在原来客户端的会话上执行连妆测试,

SQL> conn system/oracle@racdb
Connected.
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------------------
racdb1

SQL> /
select instance_name from v$instance
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-25408: can not safely replay call


SQL> /

INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------------------
racdb2

SQL> 

结论:在RAC环境中,同一会话,当前会话连接节点实例故障,可以快速的切替的另一节中运行,对客户端的是完全透明的。








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